In 2013 the unemployment rate in Spain is considered to decline, but the consequences of this economical situation could have a long term impact, especially on the society.
High unemployment develops a negative atmosphere in the labour market which implicates a change in the working attitudes. Because employees are very afraid of losing their jobs they are poised to agree to a change of their working conditions. Spain has nowadays the highest unemployment rate in Europe with nearly 23 % and the youth unemployment (people under 25 years) is much higher. Daily news concerning spending cuts, budged deficits and recession cause the Spaniards to live in a world of fear. Therefore many people dispense with their annual holidays or continue working whereas being ill. In a normal economic phase these indicators could display rising motivation, but people now are filled with anxiety having in mind that this behavior might be responsible for keeping their jobs. In accordance with the European Anti-Poverty Network there are nearly 12 million people (of a total population of 45 million) belonging to a group of being or becoming poor.
Some companies are exploiting the fear of their employees for instance by forcing them to work longer or paying them salaries which are linked to the productivity. Furthermore companies receive more and more power over how to modify working conditions and salaries. A reform implemented by the government allows companies to hire more people with the aim of creating a more flexible labour market. The reform also tries to reduce the number of temporary work contracts, which make up about a quarter of the total. The opposition does not agree with the reform accusing the government to undermine social rights.