Women in labour market

Women mostly work in subordinate positions with low salaries or even in periodical jobs without any access to the social security systems.
There is an increased in unregistered and unofficial jobs.
Discrimination on salary basis!
Women earn 40% less than men!
But according to OECD report in 2005 women employment rate worldwide is increasing!
Women Work More Than Men But Are Paid Less
According to Inter Press Service, “On a global scale, women cultivate more than half of all the food that is grown. In sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean, they produce up to 80% of basic foodstuffs. In Asia, they account for around 50% of food production. In Latin America, they are mainly engaged in subsistence farming, horticulture, poultry and raising small livestock.”
UNICEF’s 2007 report on state of the world’s children focused on the discrimination and disempowerment women face throughout their lives and how that impacts children’s lives.
UNICEF’s main summary of equality in employment included the following points:
For many women, unpaid work in and for the household takes up the majority of their working hours, with much less time spent in remunerative employment. Even when they participate in the labour market for paid employment, women still undertake the majority of the housework.
When women work outside the household, they earn, on average, far less than men. They are also more likely to work in more precarious forms of employment with low earnings, little financial security and few or no social benefits.
Women doesn’t only earn less than men but also tend to own fewer assets. Smaller salaries and less control over household income constrain their ability to accumulate capital. Gender biases in property and inheritance laws and in other channels of acquiring assets also leave women and children at greater risk of poverty.
Paid employment for women doesn’t automatically lead to better outcomes for children. Factors such as the amount of time women spend working outside the household, the conditions under which they are employed and who controls the income they generate determine how the work undertaken by women in the labour market affects their own well-being and that of children.


2 thoughts on “Women in labour market

  1. To change the situation of women is extremely difficult. It is a question of fighting prejudice and roles of women attributed to them and held as true for long centuries. How do we change a person’s mind? How do we change people’s minds? How do we change the common mind?

    I think education is one of the possible answers.
    Education is the key access to better economic spheres, to better jobs, to better salaries. But for centuries it was the educational system that was differentiating boys from girls. Girls were taken the advantage. They were usually and in higher measure than boys still are trained to become nurses, pharmacists and teachers, while the boys study to become doctors and school-principals. Girls are trained to develop their communicational skills, so that they become one day good mothers able to raise their children, so that the children can go to school and fight for their education, but with the same differentiating matrix as their mothers and fathers.

  2. However, one of the very good evidence is that over the past 20 years the proportion of adult women who are economically active has risen, while that for men has declined.
    The recent survey shows approximately 7% difference in employment and these trends are expected to continue into the next century.

    I see inevitable, to balance the employment between men and women as the basis for the equalization of the remuneration as well as more men willing to stay on maternal leave and give mother chance to deepen her career.


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