Youth in part-time and temporary employment

Young people in the EU are significantly more likely than adults to work in temporary and/or part-time jobs. On average, 4 in 10 employed 15 to 24 year- olds work on a temporary contract compared to around 1 in 10 prime-age adults. Around a quarter of youth work in part-time jobs as opposed to 16% of the 25–54 age group. While the incidence of temporary and part-time work has been rising for adults as well as youth, the increase has been significantly more pronounced for young people.

 There are no large gender differences at EU level with respect to temporary youth employment. On average,young men are in fact slightly more likely to be in a temporary contract than young women (40.8% vs. 40.2%), although there are of course differences between Member States. As for part-time work, gender differences are much more pronounced, with young women on average almost twice as likely to work part-time than young men.

 To a certain extent it is to be expected that youth face a higher likelihood of temporary and part-time work, as employers may be reluctant to offer a permanent and full-time contract to somebody who is just entering the labour market with little or no previous work experience. For many youth, a temporary or part-time job is seen as a stepping-stone-towards permanent employment. The share of young people with a permanent contract increases with age, and by the age of 29 an average of almost 50% of people that age are in a permanent job (with around 10% in a temporary job and the rest either in education or otherwise inactive, working as self-employed or a family worker, or unemployed).

 However, the issue can become problematic if a young person becomes trapped in a situation moving from one temporary contract to another without being able to get into a permanent job. In all Member States (except Cyprus), the share of 25 to 29 year olds in temporary work is lower than for their younger peers. However, some Member States show a particularly high incidence for both the younger and older youth age group, namely Portugal, Slovenia and Poland with more than 30% of 25 to 29 year olds in temporary.*









*The data informations are taken into The European Commissions’ report.


6 thoughts on “Youth in part-time and temporary employment

  1. Yes, I think part-time employment can be very useful type of contract for both – employee and employer, however has to be regulated by working hours.
    It is very advantageous, mainly for students, to employ easily or change rapidly job without obstacles, on the other hand is misused and substituted by permanent employment by employers, that is more profitable for them.
    One of the solution is strict regulation by hours, for example in Slovakia – 300 hours annually or 20 hours per week, depends on the contract.

  2. In addition to Kristina’s comment, short-term part-time contract is very convenient for students, because they are given the opportunity to learn how the things they study at school work in reality. A student cannot work full-time during his studies, considering he studies as an internal student. Experience in a part-time employment counts as two extra courses taken at school. Furthermore, the student has a chance to finance his studies by himself. And last but not least, experience gathered during studies will always be an advantage when looking for a permanent employer after graduating from school.

  3. Certainly I agree that par-time contracts are the best suitable for student, but let us not forget, how suitable they are for companies. For students they give an opportunity to work while studying and get more experienced and for companies they give an exhalent opportunity not to pay off some holidays or overworking hours. I am not sure how the system works in your countries, but in Finland for instance if a worker works less than 35 hours a week he won’t receive additional evening or weekend-hour paying. In addition part-time worker, especially office work can be more productive than a full time worker. Part-time agreements reduce lunch and break time and are more stressful in general. After graduating a student can be trapped by part-time agreements, it quite usual in Scandinavia when a graduate student has two part-time workplaces, which causes an overworking every day.

  4. What did you find this data, for Slovenia they are pretty relevant. Mostly slovenian authorities send out much more positive picture, are the information published are too general.

  5. In Slovakia it is the same. Mainly students work part-time so they have at least some money of their own, but unfortunately it is usually not enough to cover the rent – i mean the student´s own accommodation and therefore students in Slovakia, in spite of having a job, live with their parents until they find the full-time employment after school. But for example in Sweden, many students find a job right after high school and when they have enough money for their own accommodation and studies, they start to study again. I find it pretty interesting, because in Slovakia it doesn´t work this way. I really like their way, because the young people in sweden are independent and self-reliant sooner. and don´t bother their parents any more 😉

    i know only a few friends, who work full time during their university studies, it is not very common. and as far as medicine or architecture students are concerned, they have no time at all to be dedicated to anything else.


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