There has been a change in the international migration patterns of women: More are moving from one country to another on their own, rather than to join their husbands or other family members. This feminization of migration raises several key policy concerns about women’s security and human rights in sending and destination countries. They are confronted with a lot of problems. As they are women, who come from the so-called “Third World”, they are allowed to work only in the lowest job categories.
Engaged mostly in public or private service sector work, especially in the production sector, their jobs are generally stereotyped as women’s traditional function and, therefore unrecognized and undervalued as productive labour.
There is no doubt that women bear the brunt of the toughest and lowest-paying jobs (not to mention UNPAID housework). From sewing garments in sweltering factories to changing dirty diapers to wiping counters to doing the dishes — the overwhelming majority of workers in these occupations are women.
Take a look at the recent ICE raid at the Houston Action Rags USA plant–in effect a sweatshop rag factory where migrant workers–mostly women–would sort through used clothes that would later by exported to “Third World” countries. ICE officials said of the 166 workers they detained, 130 were females, including 10 who were pregnant.
The withholding of wages and documents such as passports, low pay, long working hours, the lack of opportunities for meaningful career advancement, and the lack of work benefits and job security, are only some of the problems , which migrant workers experience in the work place.