Becoming problems in Slovakia with lack of qualified workforce may be solved by integrating immigrants, or even Roma people.
Slovakia aims to economic prosperity considerably. On the labour market however, start to emerge some factors which slow down this economic growth and threaten its longterm sustainability. Deficit of qualified workers is obvious for a longer time in the most developed parts of Slovakia. Its strength is becoming evident even in those less developed ones.
Qualified and educated people are the most important source of development of the society. In the world of demographic trends such as aging population or low fertility rates, the solution to the problem of scarce workforce is one of the main tasks to maintain the sustainable prosperity. What are our possibilities apart from supporting the education and responsible social and retirement policy?
Immigrants, who are attracted by Slovak strenghtening economy, represent new workforce for Slovakia. Qualified immigrants may help Slovakia bring investments with higher added value. Like immigrants, relatively small and dynamic community of Roma people hides great potential to contribute to Slovak development and moderate negative demographic trends on the labour market. Social exclusion of Roma community to the border of society is not only moraly unacceptable but is also huge waste of economic and social potential of Slovakia.
Because of that, is integrating immigrants and Roma people to the Slovak labour market efficient solution of economic, social and demographic challenges of our society. Immigration policy selecting qualified immigrants and with clear regulations for gaining the working permissions, living permissions and slovak nationality permissions creats good prerequisities for their integration to the society.
Another very important policy is education policy, which helps the integration of immigrants and Roma people in all the phases, beginning with pre-school education. The priority is creation of open and friendly environment supporting the integration of pupils and students from the minority environment in schools. Among the basic predispositions of success certainly belongs labour market without ethnic (or any other) discrimination.
Above all, we need to regard the integration of immigrants and Roma people as a chance for Slovak long-term prosperity. Human capital is inherent strategic unit of the modern world.