In my first post untitled ” The gravity model, an assumption to explain migration” I tried to apply an ecomomical equation to explain migration. Now let’s check the figures.
As wen can see on the IOM website all six regions of the world are witnessing intense or growing migratory activities. http://www.iom.int/jahia/Jahia/about-migration/facts-and-figures/regional-and-country-figures
In Africa the assumption seems to be true because African migrants predominantly move to other African countries. People is looking to better job ans life opportunities. The north of Africa is an attraction pole for migration because the region is very close to Europe and future immigrants have to cross it to join Europe.
In Europe, the situation is almost the same but this time, the migration intra-regions is due to the European Union policy and the free circulation of EU members inside the union. An other post will focus on the European case and particularly on the comparison between the predictions did before 2000 about the new trends and actual results.
The North-American continent is characterized by the trend of migration from south to north. Most of the “south migrants” are coming from South-America and Caribbeans countries even the number of migrants from this region to Europe is also increasing. United States and Canada continue to occupy the first position in term of receivers of permanent migrants from across the world. The increasingly number of temporary workers represents an new trend and concerns in particular students or high qualified workers.
The number of Asian migrants has increased from 28.1 million in 1970 to 43.8 million in 2000, Asia’s share of global migrant stock decreased from 34.5 per cent to 25 per cent over the same period. The case of the south-east of the Asian continent is very interesting and deserves also more investigation in a separate post.