You surely know the feeling – its early morning and you have to fight with you own obligations, traffic jam and very often even with your own body which is influenced by big stress. It is not only a long list of tasks waiting for you on working place but very often your nervous boss too. To avoid problems you rather hurry to your office. Of course it is possible that within next couple of hours you will pay more attention to your own problems, not to your tasks, but you do not break the working time and you can be anytime controlled by your boss.
But there is also another possibility. You get up in the morning, you have your breakfast, prepare everything necessary and than you can start to work on your computer to fulfil all tasks agreed with you boss. But you work in your own “office” – in your living room. It is possible that meanwhile you manage to do some other things and it is possible that you finish at midnight. The only problem is to manage your task in time.
Teleworking is an expression used for special type of work performed at home. It is normal qualified work performed on base of a labour contract. The only difference is that some hours or days in week, sometimes even during the whole working time you fill your working tasks at home or on another place equipped with computer and communication connection.
In western Europe telework started to appear in the beginning of 80´s . Telework is used i.e. in Sweden, Finland or Netherlands. This fact is connected with conveniences of the households with computers and modern information and communication technologies. On the other hand balancing of family and working life, fight against women´s and disabled discrimination on the labour market starts to play an important role. It is a way of work that enables parents of small children, people who have to take care of old or disabled family members, aged people of handicapped people to participate on labour market and this makes telework even more attractive. If it is not possible to have full time job another alternative besides part time job appears – it is telework.