Gender gap is a major common problem in today´s labour market everywhere in the world. It exists in the U.S., in the Europe…There are only few countries that can pride themselves on the non-existence of a salary gender gap. Moscow is not a true representation of all Russia, but it comes quite close to being a symbol of some discrimination that still exists in terms of gender over the years. A research on job advertisements in the internet showed that there is a real discrimination of job candidates based on their gender. Here is just one example: Click on the professional section of “Marketing, Advertising and Public Relations.” Out of four, among the openings, three require some experience, same three require a bachelor’s degree, and one of these three requires the candidate to be male.
In 2007, the official numbers concerning the “discriminatory” job postings were as follows: 44% of the national total job postings in printed material/media contained some discriminatory clause (defined as “based on age, gender, nationality, living location”), while in Moscow this number was up to 60%.
The Federal Agency of Employment and Labor and the Federal Anti-monopoly agency promised to start moving towards the removal of discriminatory requirements in job postings. They admitted in 2007 that such discrimination has surpassed any tolerable level, but also admitted that internet job search resources are hardest to oversee. While the official company job posting will have no extra requirements aside from qualifications, the internet job description will have more details, such as the gender and age of the desirable employee.
Russia still has a ways to go when compared to Vienna, where the municipal government is trying to push for equal representation of both genders on street walk signs as well as emergency exit markings. The example of such picture is below for this issue…