Social tensions will increase, when the chances of immigrants in the labour market do not improve significantly .That is the warning of experts from the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW).We need a better education and training for immigrants. It would be counterproductive to increase Hartz IV rates and benefit II.
In Berlin, the immigrant share is not higher than in other large German cities. Because of the bad economy and high unemployment rate immigrant families are particularly more threatened. Thus, the unemployment of immigrants in the capital, just like in the other major German cities, is twice higher than in the rest of the population. Because the unemployment rate in Berlin is very high, above the national average, is also the unemployment of immigrants “dramatically” high. Any third is unemployed. Even more than 40 percent of immigrants from Turkey are unemployed.
The reason for the poor chances on the labour market is the insufficient training of most migrants. This applies particularly to persons with a Turkish background. 75 percent of them have no training qualification and only three percent have a university degree. Although there were also other immigrant groups with a high proportion without qualifications, but also a significant proportion of university graduates. In the eastern part of Berlin was the proportion of qualified workers, more than twice as large as in the western part of Berlin. The differences between East and West are due to the fact that the eastern part of Berlin during Germany’s division had no migration of guest workers. In the eastern districts were mostly immigrants from Eastern Europe, for example, by the states of the former Soviet Union.
The DIW experts advise against increasing the social benefits for the unemployed. Parents with two children receive already benefits, equal a full time sole wage earner earning 10 Euros in one hour. The vast majority of ordinary jobs in Berlin, however, is significantly lower paid. A further increase of the unemployment benefit II would not increase the incentive to find a job.
For the DIW experts are talking about economic and socio-psychological incentives. If you are able to rely on the state to maintain custody, there is the great danger that precisely the growing generation of families without good education arise no sufficient motivation to “invest” in their own training. Following generations naturally orientate to the parents. If they had succeeded in this, mostly living by state benefits to provide for themselves why should the younger generation not take them as role models.
The Senate must begin with the training, and not just training. We need even in school and in the early childhood education supportive measures. According to the experts it is much better for these children to help as early as possible, then giving the households more money.