The Lisbon Strategy of the European Union

The Lisbon Strategy (also the Lisbon process or the Lisbon Agenda) is a passed program by an extraordinary summit of European leaders in Lisbon in March 2000 that has the aim of the EU within a decade, until 2010, to be the most competitive,  dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world. With this strategy, the EU intends to be a role model for the development of the whole world, concerning aims like sustainable progress in economic, social and environmental issues. The Lisbon strategy wants to increase productivity and accelerate innovation, by various EU policy measures. As a benchmark the EU pays attention to the rivals, Japan and especially the United States. Main fields of this program are economic, social and environmental regeneration and sustainability in the areas of Innovation as an engine for economic growth (based on Joseph Schumpeter), the “knowledge society”, social cohesion (alignment), and also environmental awareness. To implement these social political objectives the European Council established, in Nice the European Social Agenda in December 2000. At a meeting on 22nd and 23rd  of march in 2005 the European Council reaffirmed the Lisbon objectives of growth. But also the gap to the United States had increased during the last five years, therefore they avoided to make specific targets. Each Member State should reform their own national programs.

But on the other hand the heavy affected education sector expressed critics to the principles of the strategy: The EU is accused of using the strategy to penetrate into areas in which they are in accordance to the constitution not authorized (this is particularly education). It is feared that education is abused for short-term, exclusive economic purposes. And also countries outside the European Union express their critics, because the strategy also effects non-EU countries massively and their demanded approach is too aggressive.

2 thoughts on “The Lisbon Strategy of the European Union

  1. I think the idea of the Lisboa Agenda is quite interesting. But each country can decide for themselves and from my point of view it can be good if the country can suit the agenda to their own economy structure but it can also lead to no results because there are no concrete aims.

  2. I agree with the ‘no results’ concept. The problems with the EU agendas were and still are that there are no concrete aims. They are just arguing about the possible solutions, but during the whole history of the European Union the number of the problems were increasing and the reach of the aims are just going further and further.


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