Differences by gender in the Hungarian labour market

Differences in activity and employment rate by gender have been rising slightly.

The activity rate of men aged 15–74 increased from 61.7 to 62.5 per cent between 2005 and 2007 and the activity rate of women increased from 47.8 to 48 per cent during the same period. The employment rate of men increased from 57.4 per cent to 58 per cent in 2006 and did not change in 2007, while the employment rate of women increased from 44.2 to 44.3 per cent between 2005 and 2007.

As the activity and employment rate of women is much lower in EU and OECD countries than that of men the lag behind EU and OECD averages is higher for Hungarian men than women. The activity rate of Hungarian men  lags behind the EU15 average by 11 percentage points and that of Hungarian women by 9 percentage points. The fallback in the employment rate is 10 and 7 percentage points correspondingly.

Until 2004 the unemployment rate of women was smaller than that of men. Since the second quarter of 2003 the unemployment rate of women wasconstantly rising. In 2004 it reached that of men and from 2005 the unemployment rate of women exceeds the rate of men. The worsening of women’s employment possibilities is connected with employment cuts in the public sector. The number of employed declined year on year from 2004 and as women are represented to a larger extent in the public sector than men, women were more affected by lay offs in the public sector.

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “Differences by gender in the Hungarian labour market

  1. These figures all look promosing but i think that there will have been a massive change in them since 2007 obviously due to the recession which is affecting the whole globe.

    Reply
  2. I think, the high percentage diference between the male and the female employment rate shows that Hungary has still kind of a traditional role allocation. If women work then they do mainly low-paid desk work, like in the public sector. Now with the financial crisis it’s even harder to get the women more integrated to the labor market. But I’m sure a further economic increase of the country afterwards the crisis is only to be realized if the economy make full use of all the potential skilled workers, which includes also the women. It would be just unwise to ignore this huge potential for the future.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s