Recent Eurostat estimates (based on the structure of earnings research) revealed that in this area are substantial differences between Member States and differences in pay ranges from less than 10% in Italy, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Romania, Portugal and Belgium to 20% in Slovakia, Netherlands, Cyprus, Germany, United Kingdom, Lithuania and Greece, and more than 25% in the Czech Republic, Austria and Estonia.
However, differences in salaries between men and women reflect the general level of equality, because this figure refers only to persons receiving a salary. It must be read together with other indicators related to the job market. This generally reflects the various women’s organizations working models. In most countries with low female employment rate (for example, Malta, Italy, Greece and Poland), the differences in pay are lower than the average, possibly reflecting the small proportion of low-skilled or unskilled female labor. Usually large differences in pay, the labor market is characterized by high levels of segregation (eg, Cyprus, Estonia, Slovakia and Finland) or the labor market, where a large proportion of women work part-time job (for example, in Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Austria and Sweden) . Moreover, the formal wage-setting mechanisms and systems can be affected by differences in pay.
How to measure the differences in pay?
EU level, the differences between men and women’s pay is defined as the relative difference between men’s and women’s average gross hourly earnings in all sectors of the economy.
2008th In the EU, the figure was an average of 18%. This is one of the structural indicators used to monitor the European Strategy for Growth and Jobs. This indicator is defined as the unadjusted (ie, not adjusted according to individual characteristics, which may partly explain the difference in pay) because it provides an overview of gender inequality in the labor market, which explains the differences between women’s and men’s pay.
Following the Commission’s 2007th In the statement adopted by Eurostat in collaboration with Member States, improved methods are used to calculate the differences between men and women pay in the EU. Different countries mix instead are now aligned source (Structure of Earnings Survey), used for the calculation of the comparable national sources. It should be noted that this indicator, the apparent increase (from 15% in 2004. In, 2005. And 2006. In using the old methodology and 18% in 2008. In using the new methodology) does not correspond to the actual increase and is attributable to methodological changes.
Methodological changes, it is sometimes difficult to make comparisons. However, national sources indicate that in most cases, no signs of this index decrease or even increase.