Population in all three Baltic states is decreasing and demographic projections are the worst of the European Union.
As Ivars Indans showed in his presentation a the Baltic countries have a record low unemployment figures, which limits the labor market, economic development and investment attraction. In Latvia and Lithuania the situation is even more affected because of mass emigration. As the author acknowledges, the problem is the lack of labor resources.
The research emphasizes that labor market openness is one of the essential prerequisites for innovative design and technology development. Therefore, the long-term future development is linked with the need for immigrants. It determines not only the demand of market economy, but also the demographics and the aging population problem.
During the research Indans found that, although the number of Latvian migrant workers are not limited, administrative procedure is complex, inconvenient, time consuming and relatively high employer costs. This in turn reduces the domestic enterprises to attract legal workers.
The author of the research recommends to make the market demand research, to develop the labor force attachment programs, improve the structure of diplomatic work to involve local governments, as well as broaden the understanding of integration.
Indans emphasized that in the EU Member States there are different models and schemes to attract foreign labor. Most often, each country sets itself the requisite number of immigrants, with preference being given to local and EU or European Economic Area national workforce.
As the author concludes since the restoration of independence in the Baltic countries negative approach to migration policy have been dominated.
The study presentation of Citizenship and Migration Board representatives acknowledged that such academic research is needed, but in practice, and studies reflect the situation is fundamentally different. At the same time, researchers often reveals a significant and considerable nuances.
While the Latvian Employers’ Confederation of the representatives expressed the hope that the authorities finally start to analyze the industry and their weaknesses in order to anticipate possible scenarios for future labor market. The Confederation maintains that it does not require immediate open and accessible as possible to make the Latvian labor market for migrant workers, but believes that in the near future should be the sectoral studies, thus setting the trend.