The European Commission has proposed a mandatory target: In 2020 20% of all European energy has to come from renewable sources (ie, all renewable energy sources like wind, solar, wave power and bio-energy). Currently renewable energy represents 6.7% of European energy consumption. Two-thirds thereof comes from biomass.
The European Commission is also keen on the promotion of bio-fuels (such as transport fuels). Diversification of energy sources is especially important in transport, which is heavily dependent on oil.
The transport sector is also responsible for increasing greenhouse gas emissions and thereby it eliminates the issue emissions savings that are achieved by other sectors. The Commission has therefore proposed that by 2020 bio-fuels should take account for 10% of the road transport fuel, on condition that bio- fuels can be classified as sustainable.
Data from 2007 show that bio-fuel has a share of 2.6% of total fuel consumption by road transport in the EU. For the 10% target, the EU has to increase the production and imports of bio-fuels, especially when bio-fuels are the focus of complex ecological and economic discussions. The EU bio-fuels target is increasingly under discussion.
The European Parliament recently called for a guarantee that 40% of the targeted 10% must come from sources that do not compete with food production. The Scientific Committee of the European Environment Agency have warned that increasing the share of bio-fuels in transport to 10% in 2020 is too ambitious and should be suspended.