A green job is the latest trend in global labour market and employment sector. As green job is considered “work in agricultural, manufacturing, research and development, administrative, and service activities that contribute substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality. Specifically, but not exclusively, this includes jobs that help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption through high efficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoid generation of all forms of waste and pollution”.
Recently, lot of governments try to deal with crisis by practicing green economy and creating green jobs. But the last studies have shown that replacing normal jobs by green jobs can increase unemployment. So is this right way how to fight against the current economic crisis?
As a negative example of green economy we can mention the case of creating the green jobs in Spain. Spain, together with Latvia, is a country with the highest rate of unemployment in Europe. The country wanted to help its economy by practicing the green economy. Unfortunately, study of Spain’s renewable energy initiatives has found that creating green jobs actually destroys jobs in other sectors — and most of the time doesn’t lead to permanent employment. The study found that every green job created by the Spanish government destroyed an average of 2.2 other jobs, and that only 1 in 10 were permanent. Two-thirds consisted of temporary jobs in construction, fabrication and installation jobs; one quarter were positions in administration, marketing and projects engineering; and only one of ten was related to more permanent operations and maintenance of renewable power systems. The study calculated that, since 2000, Spain spent $774,000 to create each “green job”, including subsidies of more than $1.3 million per wind industry job. It found that creating those jobs resulted in the destruction of nearly 113,000 jobs elsewhere in the economy, or 2.2 jobs destroyed for every “green job” created. Jobs lost were mostly in the fields of metallurgy, non-metallic mining and food processing, beverage and tobacco.
Now, the world has to solve new dilemma. Should the governments practice the green economy, which is necessary for future development of our planet and human existence, or save the current jobs and level of employment and do not create more green jobs?