The EU-15 could apply restrictions on the new countries that were acceded in 2004. Sweden, the UK and Ireland imposed no restrictions on countries that entered the EU in 2004. The other EU-15 aside from Austria and Germany countries gradually dropped the restrictions. Austria and Germany are the last two EU member countries that have not removed restrictions. The restrictions were allowed to last for a maximum of seven years period. From May 1, 2011 Austria and Germany will open their labour markets for the countries that joined EU on the 1st of May 2004: Poland, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Hungary. Restrictions against Romania and Bulgaria, which joined the EU in 2006, will remain until 2013.
That is the reason why number of job offers to Austria and Germany is rising. Mainly neighbours of Germany and Austria will influence– Slovakia, Czech Republic and Poland.
Just on the most famous Slovak web portal for searching job Profesia.sk were published 378 job placements to Austria and 443 to Germany in first quarter 2011. It is the highest number in recent years.
In published offers employers are looking mostly for higher educated people, demand for elementary educated people is on minimum level. In 69% offers they are looking for technical staff like architect, designer, engineer or IT. 16% from offers are placement for middle and lower managers.
Also in Germany 65% of advertisements offer opportunity to work for qualified technical staff, and almost 25% provide bid for bartenders, cooks, maintainers, builders.
Individually, what are the most wanted areas in Germany and Austria? It is allowed to say that IT skill workers wouldn’t have problems to find job, then there are a lot of offers from areas such tourism, health care and social welfare.
Profesia.sk informs that interest in work abroad is bigger by men than women. 65% men are interested in work in Austria and ratio for work to Germany is more marked and almost 75% applicants are men.
These data are from Slovakia but as we mentioned at the beginning German labour market isn’t opening only for Slovaks. In news was stated that 400,000 Poles are ready to enter newly-open labour market. It makes concerns about wage dumping, inflation but also whole polish economy. For people who live near the borders with Germany it takes 20 minutes by walk, go and earn for identical job in eastern Germany 9.25 Euros ($12.75) compare to 20 zloty ($6.75) per hour in Poland.
How does opening of labour markets in Germany and Austria after 1st May influence EU labour market and migration? We will see.