Green job, or also known as green-collar job, is according to United Nations Environment Program work in different kind of sectors that contributes to preserving or restoring environmental quality. It means jobs that help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity, reduce energy, water and material consumption, decarbonize the economy and minimize waste and pollution.
Number of green jobs is constantly increasing. The world is becoming a place with low-carbon and sustainable economy and that may lead to creation of more green jobs. Nowadays green jobs are created in developed countries as well as developing countries.
European Union has decided to work on low-carbon and resource efficient economy and created a new Europe 2020 strategy. They also designed other strategies about climate changes to achieve their goal and realized importance of green jobs and skills to support their plan. However, there seems to be a lack of strategies concerning development of green skills. European Union examined this situation and found out that member states began to support sustainable growth, but they did not create strategies targeting green skills. The EU identified some gaps in skills of European workers that are mostly in science and technology. However, it means that people do not need overall new training but they can use skills they already have if they adapt. Nevertheless workers also need to learn about basic issues concerning environmental legislation and green management.
To improve skill base European Union recommends coming up with cross-sectored approach to identify skills, stimulate jobs by national and regional government, encourage public-private initiatives, to consider every job a green job and educate children from early age about environmental issues.
During last twenty years green efficiency has developed a lot and new industries have been created. It is not just a hobby anymore; we must do it to save the planet for other generations. Therefore we have to put pressure on constant development, green economy, and green products. If we know what is going to happen with economy, we can figure out what skills we will need and get future workers into right direction.