In east of Slovakia the unemployment rate is about 20 percent what is the highest level in the country. It is four times more than in the capital city, Bratislava, which is situated in the west of the country. Job offers are either non-existent or not paid very well. Many Slovaks who live in Eastern Slovakia have to commute to work.
Even though labor market changes constantly, the most job offers are in Bratislava and surrounding areas including capital of Austria, Vienna. Every day more than 75 000 people commute to work in Bratislava. Bratislava and Vienna are centers of employment in their countries and many people commute to work there on daily basis. The most of workers are employed in public sector, about 19 percent, then in real estate and business. More than 80 percent works in tertiary sector.
But the problem is that people prefer commute to work but they are not keen on relocating. In United States for example, people often follow lucrative job offers and move their whole families from one place to another. Europeans never really adopted this practice and they prefer to stay with their families and community. Except for the fact that Slovaks are really bound to their families, high real estate prices and fewer incentives to relocate also play a role. However, the degree of labor mobility differs even within Slovakia, along with the distance that people are willing to commute. This is affected by infrastructure, the unemployment rate and the attractiveness of the job. Workers from Central and Eastern Slovakia demonstrate the highest labor mobility.
People from eastern Slovakia have a tendency to move west – and not just within Slovakia. Thanks to their knowledge of the Hungarian language, but also easier access to jobs, Hungary is an interesting destination for the inhabitants of southern regions. Many Slovaks also travel for work to the Czech Republic, Great Britain, Germany, Austria and Italy. Commuting to work within Slovakia also depends on distance. According to HR agencies it varies from region to region and depends on state infrastructure. The most people are willing to commute up to 30 kilometers. Many employees also temporarily move to the location of their jobs, with the frequency with which they return home depending on the distance they have to travel. In conclusion commuting remains an important factor for employees and employer should start to pay more attention.