Female labour force participation is much lower than that men’s in many countries. This fact is to some extent rooted in culture and social norms but it is also reflects some economic incentives. Over the past several decades women participation in labour force has increased strongly in most European countries.
This process started earlier in some countries e.g. Nordic and more recently there has been greater increase in countries that originally had a low female participation rates. So today women’s force participation is significantly higher than it was in the 1970´s, especially among women with children, more women work full time and year round than in past decades. Furthermore, women have increasingly attained higher levels of education. Proportion of women aged 25-64 who are in the labour force with a college degree roughly tripled from 1970 to 2009.
From the European Union’s countries, the highest women participation in labour force have a Danish women (73 %), next country with a little lower rate is Netherlands (71,5 %). Then Swedish and Finnish women immediately follow their Dutch counterparts. InHungary,Greece,ItalyandMaltain particular, the female labour participation rate is below 50 %. The European Union’s average is about 57 %.
Three quarters of Dutch women work on a part-time basis, making them number one inEuropein this respect. German female part-timers are in second place with 47 %.