Argentina – Too much child labour, insufficient education

Although child labour is prohibited by law, it is still present in the urban areas of Argentina and endangers the education of children and adolescents. A study of the catholic University of Argentina (UCA) estimates that there are 17% of working children and youth aged five to 17 years in the cities of Argentina. They primarily help parents with the housework or are employed as domestic servants. About 7% of children and young people work as overseers of siblings, they cook, clean, make beds, do shopping, wash and iron. Nearly 9% of working children work outside the home and about 1% both in domestics well as non-house. Moreover girls work three times more in the household as boys.

Children from poorer social classes would also have much more to work outside as well as at home. “Child labour occurs in connection with the fallout from the educational system, the repeating of classes and leaving school. All of these situations point to deficiencies in the right to education ” says the study. Working deprives children and adolescents not only of their childhood and youth, but also hinders their personal development and education, alert the authors of the study. Despite the introduction of child benefits, the figures show only marginal differences compared to the results from the polls in year 2010. That it is indeed an important contribution in support of families living in poverty, but poverty is a structural problem and major cause of child labour and therefore not that easy to solve. Since May 2010 the minimum age to enter into a contract of employment was fixed by law at 16 years (previously 14). According to the economic and social situation (3 of 10 residents live below the poverty line) the reality is different. 

Sources:

http://www.aktiv-gegen-kinderarbeit.de/archives/argentinien-anhaltend-hohe-kinderarbeitsquote-trotz-einfuhrung-von-kindergeld.html

http://www.blickpunkt-lateinamerika.de/index.php/sID/f83af873a072f4996763c2e656c8921e/lan/de/xtra/ce006c313c57a37258d2ac8202abf12e/msg/0fb05f36ada92556176a9678f6b79bcc/itt/Argentinien/index.html

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7 thoughts on “Argentina – Too much child labour, insufficient education

  1. This is horrible. I dont know much about child labour but i think many of us when we think of it, think of sweat shops somewhere in Asia. I never thought of this isde of things.
    It is really sad to think of all these children uneducated and stuck in a job with no prospects.
    Surely there is some thing that can be done, alothough laws are in place that stop child labour maybe they should get some that means compulary schooling.

    Reply
  2. I’m surprised to read this as well, because I always thought of Argentina as a more developed country. This is however a very high rate of child employment. A possible solution might be to not only forbid child employment by law but also to make school obligatory until the age of 17 or so. This way it would be way harder for employers to hire children and children would get proper education which will favour Argentina’s economy in the long term.

    Reply
  3. Argentina is not the country the most struck by the problem of the child labour.
    This problem is recurrent in most of the underdeveloped countries or in development.
    The matter is that in economies of this type, at the end of the day, the most important is to have earned enough money to be able to eat in its hunger.
    Going to the school, children do not earn any money. They don’t see the investment education on a long term, but stop to the fact that time is money.
    The solution which occurs to me is too utopian to be practicable, but if the State paid a bonus for every child scholarized, it would motivate child and parents..

    Reply

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