Although child labour is prohibited by law, it is still present in the urban areas of Argentina and endangers the education of children and adolescents. A study of the catholic University of Argentina (UCA) estimates that there are 17% of working children and youth aged five to 17 years in the cities of Argentina. They primarily help parents with the housework or are employed as domestic servants. About 7% of children and young people work as overseers of siblings, they cook, clean, make beds, do shopping, wash and iron. Nearly 9% of working children work outside the home and about 1% both in domestics well as non-house. Moreover girls work three times more in the household as boys.
Children from poorer social classes would also have much more to work outside as well as at home. “Child labour occurs in connection with the fallout from the educational system, the repeating of classes and leaving school. All of these situations point to deficiencies in the right to education ” says the study. Working deprives children and adolescents not only of their childhood and youth, but also hinders their personal development and education, alert the authors of the study. Despite the introduction of child benefits, the figures show only marginal differences compared to the results from the polls in year 2010. That it is indeed an important contribution in support of families living in poverty, but poverty is a structural problem and major cause of child labour and therefore not that easy to solve. Since May 2010 the minimum age to enter into a contract of employment was fixed by law at 16 years (previously 14). According to the economic and social situation (3 of 10 residents live below the poverty line) the reality is different.