The Netherlands has a long history about immigration. Since the late sixteenth century there has been groups of immigrants arriving to the Netherlands that flew from their own countries. In the first half from the 20st century there were poor labor migrants coming mostly from Germany, Norway, Sweden and Denmark. After that there were immigrants from (former) Dutch colonies, like people from Dutch-Indie, Suriname, the Dutch Antilles and Moluccan. The last half of the 20st century mostly brought Turkish and Moroccan people. They originally came to work, but after a while it switched to family reuniting and that became the most important reason. In 2007 80.000 immigrants came to the Netherlands, work was the most important reason. Most of the immigrants were from Poland, Romania and Bulgaria. There were also a lot of immigrants from Asia. In 2010 we had a record number of immigrants with more than 150.000 immigrants coming to the Netherlands.
The main problem of the migrants is that they take over the jobs for Dutch people who haven´t had a proper education. The immigrants work especially in the greenhouses and in the dangerous industrial companies. This effected a lot of Dutch people who worked there, especially older man and woman for who it´s hard to find a new job. Off course The immigrants are a lot cheaper and especially in the crisis that was convenient for the companies. However around 435.000 people are unemployed in the Netherlands. So it should have been a priority to hire Dutch people instead immigrants. Unfortunately the law that stated that companies first had to hire Dutch people and when there was no adequate person was they could look at hiring immigrants, is radical changed with the coming of new European countries. When Poland, Hungry, Latvia, Lithuania, and several other countries became members of the union it became easy for them to work in other European countries, including the Netherlands.
The economic effect that the immigrants have on the Dutch economy are:
– Less jobs for Dutch people.
– Takes longer to find a new job. (More competition)
– Negative effect in the wages, especially in the lower wages sectors.
Even though these effects aren’t really positive the average welfare stays the same.