Alarming unemployment rate in Spain – focus on Andalusia

With an unemployment rate of about 21.3 % (2010), Spain has the highest one of Western Europe. This is also the highest reported unemployment rate by the country since 1997.

Especially in Andalusia the unemployment rate is alarming. After the Canary Islands, Andalusia is the region with the second highest unemployment rate of Spain (app. 30%). With 31,87% Cadiz is on the top and followed by Almeria 27, 79%, Granada 26,89 % and Huelva 26,75%.

The activator for this dramatic increase in Spain’s unemployment rate was of course the economic crisis in 2009. But there are also regional reasons for the increasing unemployment rate. For example, Andalusia is an agricultural region, but the service sector predominates. As “The European Job Mobility Portal” said, the construction sector helped to drive Andalusian production during the boom years. But over the last two years the construction sector has declined considerably. Furthermore, the industrial sector of Andalusia is less developed than in other regions. Given the loss of momentum, “The European Job Mobility Portal” anticipates that production is unlikely to improve significantly in the short term.

Another problem is the widely spread use of short-term contracts. The sector, which generated the largest number of permanent contracts, was the service sector (2010). This sector is also the one, which recorded the highest employment levels. Followed by agriculture, construction and industry. But sectors such as agriculture, construction and industry mainly offer short-term contracts to their employees. Actually, the agriculture and construction sectors are the ones with the highest recruitment volumes in the region. But as already mentioned, those are also the sectors, which offers almost only seasonal jobs.

So what do you think can be done to change Spain’s alarming unemployment rate? Do you think that Spain can manage this situation by itself or do you think they need help from the EU 27?


5 thoughts on “Alarming unemployment rate in Spain – focus on Andalusia

  1. It’s not really a surprise that Spain got hit this hard by the crisis if you look at how the economy is structured. A lot of employment in the constructing sector, a lot of employment in the agriculture sectors like Andalucía plus the fact that there a lot of short term contracts, means that the crisis will hit hard. And it did. The way to resolve this problems for provinces like Andalucía is to restructure the employment more, so that people are more likely to work in jobs that are more sustainable when the economy stagnates.

  2. This high unemployment is a real problem, not only for the region of Andalusia, but for the whole of Spain. The government should immediately find a solution because otherwise the situation will deteriorate further and could have implications not only for Spain but also throughout the European Union.

  3. The crisis struck us in 2009 and I think most of the Europe is in better situation. Crisis is just an excuse or universal explanation for everything. The main problem is in governement which should try to resolve this situation as soon as possible and also in people living in this area. The nature, sea and many things are so beatiful here, they can take advantage of weather and to focus more on tourism. While in Spain you had 22 degrees the whole Europe is freezing. Spaniards don´t speak English much moreover they seem to be angry if you don´t speak English. The first thing is to change their attitude and to start working! Erika blazejova

  4. Andalusia is Spains most populous region and experienced a high economic growth from 1996 to 2007. During this period its GDP growth was even higher than that of Spain as a whole.

    Hereby the construction industry and the tourism played an important role. This is the reason why Andalusia was affected harder than other regions. Due to the crisis, the tourism decreased significantly and this had hard impacts on the unemployment rate of Andalusia.

    My view is that during the next years the situation concerning the high unemployment rate in Andalusia will improve for the following reasons:

    The tourism will regain its importance; as the economic situations in other european countries will improve, more and more foreigner will come to visit this beautiful region.

    Actually the population sees how important it is to learn other languages and many of them are considering to go abroad to look for work there.

    I think that a big problem today is the role of the „illegal employment“. Many people are working but not officially declared, which has of course negative effects on the unemployment rate.

    So I am convinced that Spain, especially Andalusia, is able to manage this situation by itself, it does not need help of other countries.

  5. I also believe that if Spain made some changes they could survive without the need of assistance from other countries. The problems that hit Spain hard include the black market, lack of motivation and language. I believe that many foreigners would be more comfortable if more people were to speak English. For myself this seems silly but many people are scared to travel to Spain because they don’t speak Spanish. Perhaps they could do some marketing and sell vacations to Spain more to foreigners. I really believe that the Spanish people have lost hope for the future. They are no longer motivated to advance further. If there was a way to motivate everyone then the government could be rebooted. Finally I believe that the black market needs to be fought. Many people are receiving benefits from the government while working in the black market. These people aren’t paying into the government like they should. Spain will make it through this as well as the rest of us


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