The surge of the unemployment worldwide watch that the dreaded chain occurred. The peak of the unemployment should be reached at the beginning of 2011. But the crisis also has the other consequences. The companies, the working conditions also change. In families, the distribution of the roles evolves. The work will never be the same. And the company is going to have to adapt itself, sometimes in the pain, to these news situations.
In United States, it never has been seen , that women should occupying an employment upper men. it is already situated in 50/50. Never, even during the Second World War, the employed working population stopped being numerically dominated by the men. But the crisis changes the situation, because the male jobs are more severely struck. The reason is not to be looked for in a better men/women equality, it is just that the axe fell on certain sectors. In the United States, 82 % of jobs lost in the first six months by the crisis were occupied by men in the automobile, the steel industry, the building, the industry. The women, working more in the public service (education, health) or the services (business, distribution(casting), tourism), were considerably less allocated.
The phenomenon is not only American. In Sweden, for example, ” with fewer available jobs, we expected that the crisis incites women to return at home “, underlines Karolina Vrethem, of the ministry of the integration and the gender equality. But, she adds, ” they did not make it: the unemployment rate of the men even became higher than that of the women “.Executives managers are also touched. A human resources manager of a big bank, which want to stay anonymous: ” when it is necessary to choose between two financial executive) the one that we are going to dismiss, and that in equal skills a man costs more expensive 20 % than a woman, it is relevant to make the best reduction of costs. A new consequence, and surprising, of the wage disparity between men and women.
THE MOONLIGHTING INCREASES AND RELOCATES:It s Impossible, by definition, to measure the undeclared work. But occupational accidents arising in the building sector, the agriculture sector and the restoration sector allow to detect a development of the phenomenon. For the ETUC, it comes along in Europe with ” a new wave of relocations in the Balkans, with the crisis “. Between the end of 2008 and the beginning of 2009, the undeclared relocated work increased by 25 % , in particular in the sectors of the shoe and the textile industry. The countries of the Adriatic as Italy and Greece take advantage of it “, add the ETUC. The workforce is available. The economic crisis provoked, in Rumania and in Bulgaria, the return of migrant workers.