In almost all Member States is decreasing proportion of young employees.This reflects the declining birth rate, but may also mention the the fact that educational activities are becoming more common and last for a long time.In addition, young workers are more vulnerable against economic recession – Employers respond to economic pressures by limiting the admission new young employees. In 2005, the EU-25 employed approximately 193.8 million people, of which were 20.4 million young people employees. Young employees represent 10.5% of the workforce. The employment rate of young workers (EU-25) reached 36.3% compared with 63.6% of the population aged 15-64 years.Youth unemployment rate EU-25 was 18.7%, which is twice
overall unemployment rate (9.0%). In many EU Member States over the last years also increased the rate of youth unemployment, although in the general aging population is fewer young people. Among the various
regions are considerable differences: in two thirds of the regions in the EU-25 level was youth unemployment at least double the total unemployment. Regional unemployment rate of young people were in the range 6.2% to 59.1%.
The successful integration of young people into working life, however, the company also extremely important for businesses, and also for the young people, for control over their own lives and for their health and wellbeing.
Where do young workers work?
The breakdown by sector is obvious that the EU-25, the largest proportion of young employees found in hotels and restaurants (22.7%) and trade (16.3%). Hospitality sector services is contained in the first place, as
regards the employment of young people in 20 of the 25 Member States and in all Member States are located in the top three.
This distribution has important implications for health and safety.Young people at work due to a specific set of potentially harmful conditions which are characteristic of these sectors (including low wages,
temporary seasonal labor, bad working conditions and physically demanding work). In the EU-25 were young people in 2005, frequently employed as personnel services (5.2 million) and then as craftsmen and related
occupations (3.6 million). Officials (2.7 million) and were followed shortly after primary occupations (2.5million). Between Member States, there are only small differences in the distribution by profession. The largest increase number of young people employed in services and sales occurred from 2000
in 2005 (+ 0.38 million).
For many of these sectors and occupations are the typical risks of accidents, exposure hazards in the workplace or, as is the case with professions in services, difficult employment situation.