Integration of Immigrants and their Children in the Netherlands

As the majority of the West-European country also the Netherlands have their own issues with the integration process of the immigrants. This while they were one of the first countries to develpoe a formal integration policy. One of the important reasons for development of integration policies is the strong recession in the 80’s, wich also impact the immigrants besides the native population. Since that great recession the immigrants have not been perfoming well in the labour market, theyhave been below the native population, and also less favourable than in other OECD countries. Altough this is a fact, between the mid-90’s and early 2000’s there has been a slight progress, but that was it all because after that period there has been no further growth of the employment rates of immigrants. The dissapointing fact is also the fact that the results of the labour market of immigrants in Netherlands have declined even further, and is larger then other OECD countries in the period of 2002-2006. To disappointment to the government there is no single factor to be found for this bad results. The only thing that the government has noticed is that immigrants have been misusing the current labour market conditions.

It is very important that the labour market results depend on the country of origin, the biggest origin countries in the Netherlands are Turkey, and then Morocco. These countries provide Netherland with low-qualified labour in the 70’s, after that the workers reunited with their families in the Netherlands. These groups of people have the most trouble in the labour market, women of these origins especially have trouble to finde a job. Often they have to compete with hige-eduacated natives, wich makes things even harder. Besides these two groups there are also groups of immigrants from the former Dutch colony Suriname and from the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. The people from these groups are mostly born in the Netherlands but they are registerd as immigrants because their origin is outside of the Netherlands. Besides these kind of groupse, the Netherlands has been providing help also for humanitarian migrants, ever since the Iron Curtain fall. The war refugees and humanitarian refugees are the groups that tend to have a lower labour market outcome.

The biggest differences in emplyment between the native-born and the immigrants is the low-qualification. The government should pay more attention to the low educated, the government have to overcome the emplyer hiring reluctance and try to connect the immigrants with the potential employers. Women especially have the lowest labour market attachment, so the primary concern is women.In the past other policy manage succesfully to keep women of this profile far away from the labour market, especially when they were not dependent on any benefits. Now because of the problems with ageing for example and the labour market being tight the government is doing the opposite, they are trying as much as possible to get women connected with the labour market.

In this context there is one measure where careful expansion could be considerd, wage subsidies. There are evidence that these measures can facilitate the labour market, to succseed these measures have to be well designed and prepaired. To realize this they have to evaluate these measures. The first opsticle is the language skills this needs to be handled in order to be able to continue on to the labour market access. The integration proces should be a very important factor for the access to the labour market , because there are proves that this could raise the employment level of the immigrants. The proces has started, because of this the plan is to incentives for language course provides to include vocational elements in the training. The last 10-15 year the government has been tryin to raise awarness to the employer about this obstacles, and because of that we can now see some results. One of the results that shows us this is the discrimination wich declined in the last couple of years.

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