A research from Grant Thornton International Business Report (IBR) in 2012 which analysed trends in private companies in 40 different countries in the world points out that the global average of women in senior management is 21%. Having a closer look at the development of women holding senior management positions the current rate rose by 3% compared to 2004 but in contrast is still 3% lower than in 2007 and 2009. However, the rate increased by 1% from the previous year to 2012.
While the global average stays around 20% the different regional averages are in the range of 18% to 32%. South East Asia (ASEAN) possesses the highest level of 32%, followed by the EU with 24%, Latin America with 22% and North America with only 18% which is 3% below the global average in 2012.
Across the world, Russia has the greatest percentage of 46% of women in senior management. This is followed by Botswana, the Philippines and Thailand which manifest a level of 39%. The countries with the lowest percentage are Germany, India and Japan where less than 15% of leading positions are occupied by women.
Many politicians, especially in Europe, want their economy to adapt to the international market. For this reason politic tries to implement quotas on the number of women in senior management whereas economics reject governmental influence on human resource politics. Companies want to keep free choice of qualified employees.
Many companies already established intra-corporate quotas of women. The largest telecommunications company in Europe, Telekom, for instance, wants to reach a level of 30% in middle and upper management until 2015. Moreover, Lufthansa, the world’s fourth-largest airline, organises projects that facilitate women to advance in their jobs by offering for example flexible working hours or job-sharing.