In destination countries, international migration may be used as a tool to solve specific labour market shortages. However, international migration alone will almost certainly not reverse the ongoing trend of population ageing experienced in many parts of the EU. The evolution of the population in a specific geographical area is determined by the increases and decreases in the size of the population. The increases are caused by births and immigrations and the decreases by deaths and emigrations.
Population—Utah’s 2011 total population count was 2,817,222. This represents a population increase of 53,337 people, or 1.9% from 2010, ranking Utah third among states in population growth. Utah grew more than twice as fast as the nation from 2010 to 2011. The total 2011 population count for the United States was 311,591,917. This represents a population increase of 2,846,379 people, or 0.9% from 2010.
2012 Outlook—Utah will continue to experience population growth at a rate higher. Natural increase (births less deaths) is anticipated to add 39,100 people to Utah’s population. While net in-migration has slowed since the peak of the economic expansion, Utah’s net migration is projected to remain positive at 5,000 people.
During 2009, about 3.0 million people immigrated into one of the EU Member States, while at least 1.9 million emigrants were reported to have left an EU Member State. The latest figures available reveal a substantial decline in immigration in 2009 as compared with 2008. However, it is difficult to quantify exactly the magnitude of this decline as some countries (including Germany, Austria and the Netherlands) have modified the underlying definitions of migration (for example, immigration into Germany in 2009 was 347 000, but the level would have been more than double under the earlier definition).
The United Kingdom reported the largest number of immigrants (566 500) in 2009, followed by Spain (499 000) and Italy (442 900); just over half (50.3 %) of all immigrants into EU Member States were recorded in these three countries. The United Kingdom also reported the highest number of emigrants in 2009 (368 000), followed by Spain with 324 000 and Germany with 287 000. Most EU Member States reported more immigration than emigration in 2009, but in Ireland, Malta and the three Baltic Member States emigrants outnumbered immigrants.
Immigrants into EU Member States in 2009 were, on average, much younger than the population already resident in their country of destination. On 1 January 2010, the median age of the EU-27 population was 40.9 years. The median age of immigrants in 2009 ranged from 24.9 years (in Portugal) to 33.7 years (in Latvia).