Globalisation

Globalization is a process of making the international links in all fields (economics, politics, culture, communication, environment, etc.). The phenomenon is bserved particularly in recent decades. The extreme interpretation of this process is often referred to as advanced capitalism that blurs local traditions and regional differences and creates a homogenized world culture

The main centers of globalization are always big cities, where in the last 40 years the cultural differences diminished. The cities (eg Berlin, London, New York) are called “melting pot”. The globalization and immigration, both in Europe (Turks, Algerians, Chinese) as well as in North America (especially in the U.S. Mexicans and Puerto Ricans) and countries in the Arabian Peninsula (Indians, Pakistanis). Globalization is most pronounced in developed areas, where purchasing power is high and well-developed and has also developed transportation.

The process of globalization brings with it various problems. One of them is diversity of cultures, which leads to instability in some countries. Typical examples are the countries of Western Europe, which often leads to conflict. This issue may well have the opposite character, as in Arab countries, where penetration of globalized Western culture changes the conservative Islamic society. Globalisation as a phenomenon of the modern world often refers to the rise of multinational corporations that have enormous economic power. Global consumption of more uniform products leads to the concerns that will delete the cultural identity of different peoples.

In the 20th century, they tend to provide government services for the “infrastructure” such as transportation systems and energy supplies. In the eighties of the 20th century, economists agree that the lack of investment in these infrastructures have led to low productivity and poor quality services and infrastructure that State control is a drag on economic growth. Since the eighties of the 20th century, governments began to liberalize the economy, privatize state assets and to promote “open” competitive markets. These reforms contributed to a major global economic change. Total weight of goods traded worldwide is currently estimated to be 16-times higher compared with 1950.

Katarína Hurkalová

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