The unemployment rate in Freiburg has decreased since 2005. At that time the rate was still over 10%. In October 2011 6124 people were unemployed. These were 268 unemployed people less than in September 2011. Today the unemployment rate amounts only 5.8%. This is the lowest rate for a long time.
Many companies look for qualified employees, but the market is empty and it is difficult to fill the vacancies. In the gastronomy for example in the restaurant or hotel staff shortages are opened up by recruitment of students. In agriculture the situation is worse. In this field some companies had to reduce the opening hours, because they did not find additional workers.
Freiburg’s largest employer is the university hospital, which employs around 10000 people. Especially in the administrative- and IT-sector it is difficult to find new employees. The appendices in the field of care have very good chances to be taken on.
In comparison to the five largest cities in Baden-Wuerttemberg Freiburg has the highest rate of low-wage workers. According to employment agency 22.3% of all full-time employees in Freiburg get a monthly income of less than 1890€. In Stuttgart, Mannheim, Karlsruhe and Heidelberg this rate amounts less than 17%. Around 15600 inhabitants of Freiburg are low-wage workers. With the current low-wage rate Freiburg is below the German average rate of 22.8%. But the average rate of Baden-Wuerttemberg with 18.2% is much lower.
This development is primarily the consequence that Freiburg is a service-oriented city. In this sector wages are altogether lower, said Jürgen Höfflin chairman of the German Trade Union Federation. The statistic of the employment agency of Freiburg underlines this thesis and shows especially in various service sectors many low-wage workers. There are 3200 people in health and social services, around 2300 people in trade, 1600 men and women in gastronomy and 1800 persons in subcontracted work who earn less than 1890€ gross.
The sector of subcontracted work is also the field with the highest rate of low-wage employees. In total this field has around 2200 full-time subcontracted workers in Freiburg. This means that four of five (82%) subcontracted workers are low-wage workers. The gastronomy is in second place with 74% low-wage workers.