The Lubelskie (Lublin) Region is located in the central-eastern part of Poland. The Region’s industrial development is poor, but it is an important agricultural production centre.
At the end of December 2010, the population of the Lubelskie Region was 2 151 900, or 5.6% of the total population of Poland. The Region’s population decreased by 2.3% since the year 2000. This was due to a significant drop in the number of births and to net emigration.
At the end of 2010, women formed the majority of the Lubelskie Region’s population (51.6% of the total population of the Region). Another characteristic feature is a relatively low urbanisation level. Rural population was 1 149 993 or 53.4% of the total population of the Region. At the end of 2010, the Region’s urbanisation rate was 46.7%. The Lubelski sub-region (with the city of Lublin) is the most urbanised and the Puławski sub-region the least urbanised.
In Q4 2010, 1 147 000 economically active persons lived in the Lubelskie Region and the number of economically inactive persons was 881 000. In that period, the employment rate, i.e. the proportion of persons in employment in the total population aged 15 and more, was 51.1%. The economic activity rate expressed by the proportion of persons in employment and unemployed in the total population of the Lubelskie Region aged 15 and more increased during the year by 0.3 percentage points and in Q4 2010 amounted to 56.6%. During this period, the economic activity rate was significantly higher amongst men than amongst women. the unemployment rate in the Lublin Region was 1 percentage point higher than the national rate (13.1%), and 0.5 percentage points higher than in the same month of the previous year. The unemployment rate according to BAEL decreased by 0.9 percentage point and amounted to 9.6%.
The highest number of job offers was in public administration and national defence, trade and repair of motor vehicles, as well as in industrial processing, education, construction, healthcare and social welfare.
Agriculture is one of the most important economic sectors of the Lublin Region. This is confirmed by significant land resources, a high proportion of rural population in the total population, as well as an important volume of agricultural production on the national scale. The food industry (including fruit and vegetable processing, the sugar industry, the dairy industry, the milling industry, the brewing industry, and the tobacco industry) plays an important role in the Lubelskie Region. Agriculture products and herbs are also sourced in the Lubelskie Region. The mining industry is, beside the agri-business, an important sector of the Region’s economy. In the eastern part of Lublin Province there is a coal mine, Bogdanka . There are also many cement plants and building material plants manufacturing traditional brick and clinker, cellular concrete and prefabricated concrete. Natural mineral waters, the pride of Nałęczów, are the natural wealth of the Region. Other components of the Region’s economy include the chemical industry, the woodworking and furniture industry, the metal and machine-building industry, including the aerospace industry in Swidnik.
The largest employers in the Lubelskie Region include:
– EMPERIA HOLDING – a food wholesaling network;
– the Black Red White Group – furniture manufacturers;
– Lubelski Węgiel Bogdanka S.A. – producers of bituminous coal for energy purposes;
– Lubella S.A. – one of the country’s leaders in the production of flour, pasta and grissini ;
– Sipma – producer of agricultural and gardening machinery;
– Zakłady Azotowe Puławy S.A – the leader of Poland’s fertilizer and chemical industry, producer of nitrogenous fertilizers for agriculture;
– Herbapol Lublin S.A. – leader on the market for herbal products and syrups for human consumption and number two on the tea market;
– POL‑SKONE Sp. z o.o. – one of the largest and most dynamically developing joinery firms, manufacturer of wooden doors and windows;
– Nałęczowianka Sp. z o.o. – the producer of mineral water.