Gender differences in Bangladesh labour market

Although women are getting more and more accepted in the worldwide labour markets, their position in the world of work remains always more disadvantaged compared to that of men, especially in countries like Bangladesh. Despite women’s emancipation and modern developments, they still aren’t considered to be primary players in the economy, nor are they perceived as primary participants in the Bangladesh labour market. This fact is definetely due to the traditional views still held by society on the role of women. Furthermore the demand for female labour is partially determined by the quality and levels of women’s skills and education as well as by the differences between men and women in terms of these qualifications. Recent statistics show that a much higher percentage of women than men are uneducated and therefore they’re not enough qualified to get an appropriate job. Indeed, more than 50 per cent of the female labour force has received no formal education at all, which is a big gender gap and cause for concern. Obviously in Bangladesh it is men who have mainly benefited from new job opportunities. This also indicates that female employment levels will not rise until all unemployed men have been absorbed into the labour market. Indeed, as long as there are male workers available, employers in Bangladesh tend to employ them first rather than break with tradition. Many employers revealed that they prefer to continue employing men for jobs that they have traditionally performed because they feel they would “not gain anything by employing women!” A statement which is totally discriminatory and sexist. Policies and the labour market should give up traditional pictures and recognize that women’s labour force participation can change the dynamics of the entire labour market and the female labour force can play an important role in the economic growth of a developing country such as Bangladesh.

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@ed_emp/@emp_elm/documents/publication/wcms_114033.pdf

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3 thoughts on “Gender differences in Bangladesh labour market

  1. It is easy to say that policies should be changed. And I also agree that women in Bangladesh should get more education. But this is our point of – the Western point of view, where men and women are equal in society, politics and other domains. In a country like Bangladesh, the “old-values” like men going to work and women taking care of the children is still very common. The people there first have to change their mind, before there can be a change within the society or the whole country.

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  2. It is a bit hard to imagen that discrimaination and unequality on the labour market can be this hight in 2012. I also agree that changeing policies will be hard as long as changes are not made in peoples heads. But these changes in policies have to be done to show that this situation is not ok. It is hard to change such strong values and I guess changes have to be made in an early stage. Everybodys equal value should therefor be a big part of school and education and woman and mens same right to education would be a good start for this, so that coming generations can start making changes.

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