The expression „Green Job“ concludes all the jobs in the production of products, technologies and services, which avoid environmental damages and which preserve natural ressources. To put it differently, it includes all the jobs which help to sustain or even to improve the environmental quality.
Due to the high population density and the high level of industrialisation in this country, the so called „Green Jobs“ play a growing role in German society.
Over the last years, there were many heated debates about the topic „environment“ due to the greenhouse effect for example and this provoked a boom of the environmental technology.
Germany became one of the world market leader in the area of „Renewable energy“.
In 1997, a new law was introduced in Germany, the „Feed-in-law“, which required utilities to purchase different kinds of renewable energy at different rates.This subsidization of wind and solar power attracted accordingly a lot of investors. Thus Germany became worldwide leader in the field of solar technology.
Additionally, wind energy has established itself as a long-term, viable alternative energy source. In 2010, there were more than 21,000 wind power stations in Germany with 87,000 people working in them and Germany became the second-largest producer of wind energy (after the United States).
In 2010, about 340 000 people were employed in the renewable energy sector and in this number the services in environmental technologies is not even included (e.g. research and development activities).
Furthermore in Germany, the government invest in the battery-powered vehicles and the plan is to have one million electronic cars in operation by 2020. This branch could create another estimated 30,000 jobs.
In addition whole new industries have been constructed because of the environmental topic, for example the recycling industry.
In a long process, we could say that a whole economic „green“ sector has developed in Germany over the last 30 years. Germany’s environmental technology sector today represents 16 percent of the global market.
Moreover Germany became the export world champion in environment protection, so many countries try to follow Germany as an example by investing more in the environmental industry.
In 2010, the German Federal Minister for Environment, Norbert Röttgen, announced 1.8 million green jobs as part of this “green sector”.
To sum up, the green jobs play an important role in Germany and their number is still increasing, it is said that the climate protection played the role of a real job motor during the recession. So, the green sector does not only have a good impact on the environmental situation of a country, but also on the employment and on the economic growth.