The topic of migration is very complex and it is not possible to say if it is needed to be seen as a problem or not. For the majority of the people in developed countries migration always has a bad reputation because of the pictures everyone of us has in his mind from the numberless tries of refugees to enter developed countries by these crowded dangerous boats – the situation seems to be out of control.
But it is needed to consider different points of view, because immigration always has positive and negative impact on the host country and also the country of origin.
What are the benefits for the host countries?
In many cases immigrants do jobs that people in the host country will not do because of the bad working conditions or the low salaries. Another benefit is that these people pay taxes in the recipient country but the country have not spent any money for their education. Qualified people are always needed on the labour market. When the migrants are well integrated the host country also take advantage of cultural diversity and in many industrialized countries immigrants are the only chance to reach demographic balance, because of the decreasing birth rate.
Of course there are also drawbacks like the problems of segregation because in many times migrants are not well integrated. According to this there is also a fear of losing the identity of the host country and in times of economic crises, where the amount of job offers is very small, people from the host country expect the country to take care of them and not to take in more and more migrants.
It also has to be mentioned that there are benefits and drawbacks for the sending countries as well. One of the biggest problems for the sending country is the fear of brain drain, because in many cases migrants come from developing countries and they suffer under losing their small number of well educated people.
If all the young people leave their country of origin to work abroad the sending country will also get a problem of demographic unbalance.
But it can also be said to be a good reputation for the sending country if well educated people migrate in an industrialized country.