The different sides of migration

The topic of migration is very complex and it is not possible to say if it is needed to be seen as a problem or not. For the majority of the people in developed countries migration always has a bad reputation because of the pictures everyone of us has in his mind from the numberless tries of refugees to enter developed countries by these crowded dangerous boats – the situation seems to be out of control.

But it is needed to consider different points of view, because immigration always has positive and negative impact on the host country and also the country of origin.

What are the benefits for the host countries?

In many cases immigrants do jobs that people in the host country will not do because of the bad working conditions or the low salaries. Another benefit is that these people pay taxes in the recipient country but the country have not spent any money for their education. Qualified people are always needed on the labour market. When the migrants are well integrated the host country also take advantage of cultural diversity and in many industrialized countries immigrants are the only chance to reach demographic balance, because of the decreasing birth rate.

Of course there are also drawbacks like the problems of segregation because in many times migrants are not well integrated. According to this there is also a fear of losing the identity of the host country and in times of economic crises, where the amount of job offers is very small, people from the host country expect the country to take care of them and not to take in more and more migrants.

It also has to be mentioned that there are benefits and drawbacks for the sending countries as well. One of the biggest problems for the sending country is the fear of brain drain, because in many cases migrants come from developing countries and they suffer under losing their small number of well educated people.

If all the young people leave their country of origin to work abroad the sending country will also get a problem of demographic unbalance.

But it can also be said to be a good reputation for the sending country if well educated people migrate in an industrialized country.

Source:

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5 thoughts on “The different sides of migration

  1. Well, I can agree with you, because of course there is pros and cons for migration. But to keep everything in balance between host and sending country, need to establish or improve good Immigration policy for each country. As I have noticed, that UK want’s to get better Migration policy in order to get benefit for themselves and for immigrants. Also Swiss has come up with new law about quotas for immigrinats. Therefore it’s essential that countries start more active think about their Migration policies principles in order to improve this situation.

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  2. I think too many articles focus only on the bad that immigration brings but I believe like your post states that immigration can also bring good. For example, my university has brought in a lot of international students. Many of these students have decided to stay and find work nearby. This has helped Arkansas quite a bit. In fact for a couple of years Arkansas was one of few states that had a balanced budget. Immigration can help economies. It is very easy to look at the bad that immigration brings. I think immigration scares us as a society. Globally we all fear what is unknown. This is why prejudice exists. We have to look beyond the fear. After we do this, there may still be more negatives than positives but we cannot see that if we are too guarded by fear. For example many fear the pool of immigration from the Middle East simply because of current wars and stereotypes. In addition, in the United States many people do not agree with immigrants coming from Mexico because some end up associating with gangs. We have to realize that usually it is the small minority that tend to set the example for all of us. I think its best to examine the situation to the specifics before we state that all immigration is bad or good since each situation will be different. For example many people have moved into Germany for work. This is different than people hoping the border into Italy from Northern Africa for salvation. There are always two sides. I am glad that you brought out the other point that most do not focus on

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  3. Many articles emphasises only the negative side of immigration, but it is true that migration has also positive factors. Some of them are mentioned in the text above and I agree with these points. By leaving the home country and searching for a job abroad, some people can increase their life conditions. Some people do not find a job in the home country and migration is the only chance to find a labour and earn money.
    For example around 10000 people from Germany migrated to Norway. Norway searches qualified employees and pay well. Additionally, Norway feature family and free time. The country does not have overtime hours whereby less stress arises. Thus, they offer good working conditions.
    Of course it can happen that countries lose some qualified workers, who migrate. This is indeed a negative effect for the countries.

    Additionally, it is really important that migrated people are well integrated. Integration means amongst others that they learn or already speak the foreign language and deal with the new country e.g. its traditions, culture and political situation. In this way, as the article mentioned, they enrich the society in cultural and economic terms.
    The integration politic in the European Union gained the last years in importance. Some measures have been made which apply to all member states. It is good that the European Union cares much about this topic and tries continual to improve the integration measures. In this way the EU member states can benefit more from migrated people and prevent negative effects of disintegration.

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  4. Ofcourse there are both pros and cons with migration, and this is something that need to be worked on, to make pros way over cons. A country has a lot to gain from migration when taken advantage of, as mantioned in the article, The biggest challange for countries that are recieving immigrants is integration. To gain from migration the immigrants need to be integrated in society and not segregaded. This is a tuff challange for the government of the hosting county. Immigrants must be socialised with the local population, learn the language and not have segrated living areas among other. If this succeeds the barriers between local population and immigrants will lower and the country can start gaining from migration. There will always be migration because of situations in the world and its about time we face it and make the most of it.

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