Child labour is still a big problem in many developing countries but there are also cases when in well-developed countries children are used for labour. We still could buy and use clothes or household goods produced by children.
According to International Labour Organization estimates, there are about 250 million children between the ages of 5 and14 years who are forced to work and about 120 million of them, work is a full-time activity. The main reason for child labour is that their families are extremely poor. But there also other factors that drive children into employment, for example, prevalence of AIDS throughout many developing countries has resulted an enormous number of orphans who are forced to become their own breadwinners, lot of children are kidnapped from their homes or sold for child prostitution.
The most widespread abuses of child workers are in Bangladesh, Chad, DR Congo, Ethiopia, India, Liberia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan and Somalia. Approximately 153 million (61,1%) children are employed in Asia, 80 million (31,9%) in Africa, 17 million (6,8%) in Latin America and Caribbean and 0,5 million (0,2%) in Oceania.
Children work at all sorts of jobs, large number of children work in commercial agriculture, fishing, manufacturing, mining, and domestic service. But there are also some children who work in illicit activities like the drug trade and prostitution or other traumatic activities such as serving as soldiers. An estimated 70,4% of child labour occurs in agriculture, fishing, hunting, and forestry. For example, children are used in harvesting: bananas in Ecuador, cotton in Egypt and Benin, cut flowers in Colombia, oranges in Brazil, cocoa in the Ivory Coast, tea in Argentina and Bangladesh, fruits and vegetables in the U.S
About 20,8 million children are involved in manufacturing goods, including: Carpets from India, Pakistan, Egypt, Clothing sewn in Bangladesh; footwear made in India and the Philippines, Soccer balls sewn in Pakistan, Glass and bricks made in India, Fireworks made in China, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, India, and Peru, Surgical instruments made in Pakistan
Children also work in a range of mining operations, including: Gold in Colombia, Charcoal in Brazil and El Salvador, Chrome in Zimbabwe, Diamonds in Cote d’Ivoire, Emeralds in Colombia, Coal in Mongolia.