Let’s say that you can choose between have your own business and wage labor. On which option would you chose? “. This question asked in Europe by the Eurobarometer in December 2009. Almost one in two Europeans would like to run their own business, to do on its own. According to the Eurostat definition of self-employed person have own business for profit or they are during the establishment. For the purposes of this article for self-employed people were only involved in running businesses and employing workers.
Group self-employed is only 10% of all employees in the EU. This percentage should be much larger. In the EU, self-employed are widely recognized. On the positive perception of influence such as sole proprietorships independence, professional fulfillment, freedom of choice, flexible working and the prospects of higher incomes. 80% of running their own businesses are satisfied with their choice and do not want to change. Return to employment would choose only one in six surveyed person. In the years 2000-2009 in the EU the number of self employed increased from 20.74 to 22.76 million.
Why Europeans are opting for wage labor in spite of the declaration? Because they see a lot of risks associated with setting up their own business. The main reasons for withdrawal from self-employment are mentioned: lack of ideas for business, cash shortages, inadequate skills, bureaucracy, family situation and the current economic situation.
One of important factor that influences on decision to self-employment is age. Clearly see the low activity of the youngest and high among older groups.
Developed countries such as Germany, Great Britain, France and the Netherlands, are characterized by a high, over 30% the percentage of people with higher education among the self-employed. In the countries of Central Europe (Poland, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Hungary) is very high ratio of people with secondary education. This level of education declares even 70-80% of all self-employed. In Spain, Portugal and Romania the largest group are people with primary education. This is due to the popularity of sole proprietorships in agriculture and the people performing simple tasks.
People who left education at its initial stage, prefer wage labor. At the same time, more than half of students in the process of learning are those who in the future willingly choose to self-employment.
Analysis of self-employed groups in the European labor market shows a wide variation. Unfortunately, almost all of Europe is consistent about one thing – the same desire is not enough. Dreams of young Europeans on their own company shattered very quickly. The prospect of flexible working hours, higher wages and opportunities to decide their own fate lose the reality in which schools do not provide adequate knowledge and the incentive to become an entrepreneur. This gap in education seek to fill the training, funding. However, still much to do to allow the Europeans to fulfill the dreams of their own companies. If in the next few years will transform the social enthusiasm of the actual business activity, perhaps Europe quickly return to the path of rapid economic development.
Symbols for diagrams:
CZ – Czech Republic, D – Germany, E – Spain, F – France, GB – Great Britain, GR – Greece, H – Hungary, I – Italy, NL – Netherlands, P – Portugal, PL – Poland, RO – Romania, SK – Slovakia, UE – The European Union