The boom in the German labor market is attracting more and more southern Europeans. In particular, young Spanish are increasingly willing to pack their bags. In June 2011, there engaged, according to the Federal Employment Agency, about 17,000 Iberians on the job market of the European Commission for a specific job in Germany. Above all job seeking engineers, computer scientists and skilled workers are interesting for German employers.
The Goethe-Institute also reports a significantly higher demand for German language courses. The inquiries in Spain have doubled within a year. Also on young people in Portugal, Greece, Ireland and some Central European countries “the blasting power of Germany” has a deep impact.
The new Spanish interest in Germany is referred on a visit by Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) in Madrid in February, courting Spanish professional workers. The country has long suffered from a relatively high youth unemployment. More than 40 percent of young Spanish are unemployed according to the European statistics office Eurostat, which is the worst value in whole of Europe.
How big the migration is ultimately, cannot yet be estimated. For academics, especially engineers, there are good chances for rapid integration, especially in case of appropriate language skills. More difficult is the situation for candidates with a nonacademic education, because the skill levels are significantly different from that of the dual system in Germany. In the autumn of 2011, the federal agency in Seville brought together employers with German applicants. Similar events have been found in Madrid and Barcelona.
The federal agency was recently officially asked from Portugal to closer cooperation. The small country in southwestern Europe, announced in the spring of almost 14,000 unemployed engineers. The sluggish economy and the financial crisis provide young people with few prospects there as well as in the crisis-torn Greece. There, the German employment agencies see good prospects, especially in view of more than 1,000 unemployed doctors who possessed, while some of them already have good knowledge of German. In view of long waiting times for specialist training in their homeland the willingness to emigrate on the Greek side could also increase. The National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians estimates that in Germany until the year 2020, 67,000 doctors will retire. Even today, the search for a successor often ends unsuccessful. Last year therefore closed about 700 surgeries.