The German labor market attracts to young Spanish

The boom in the German labor market is attracting more and more southern Europeans. In particular, young Spanish are increasingly willing to pack their bags. In June 2011, there engaged, according to the Federal Employment Agency, about 17,000 Iberians on the job market of the European Commission for a specific job in Germany. Above all job seeking engineers, computer scientists and skilled workers are interesting for German employers.

The Goethe-Institute also reports a significantly higher demand for German language courses. The inquiries in Spain have doubled within a year. Also on young people in Portugal, Greece, Ireland and some Central European countries “the blasting power of Germany” has a deep impact.

The new Spanish interest in Germany is referred on a visit by Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) in Madrid in February, courting Spanish professional workers. The country has long suffered from a relatively high youth unemployment. More than 40 percent of young Spanish are unemployed according to the European statistics office Eurostat, which is the worst value in whole of Europe.

How big the migration is ultimately, cannot yet be estimated. For academics, especially engineers, there are good chances for rapid integration, especially in case of appropriate language skills. More difficult is the situation for candidates with a nonacademic education, because the skill levels are significantly different from that of the dual system in Germany. In the autumn of 2011, the federal agency in Seville brought together employers with German applicants. Similar events have been found in Madrid and Barcelona.

The federal agency was recently officially asked from Portugal to closer cooperation. The small country in southwestern Europe, announced in the spring of almost 14,000 unemployed engineers. The sluggish economy and the financial crisis provide young people with few prospects there as well as in the crisis-torn Greece. There, the German employment agencies see good prospects, especially in view of more than 1,000 unemployed doctors who possessed, while some of them already have good knowledge of German. In view of long waiting times for specialist training in their homeland the willingness to emigrate on the Greek side could also increase. The National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians estimates that in Germany until the year 2020, 67,000 doctors will retire. Even today, the search for a successor often ends unsuccessful. Last year therefore closed about 700 surgeries.



4 thoughts on “The German labor market attracts to young Spanish

  1. I also think that this topic is a very important one for the german labour market. I am from germany too and I know about the problem of missing workers in some industries. In my opinion the lack of engineers is one of the biggest problems in germany. Like the text says, there are round about 14000 engineers missing in Germany. For a country like Germany which is famous for it’s car-engineering this problem has to be solved fast, to maintain economic growth.
    Additional the problem of missing doctors in germany could get worse in the future. In Germany there is a trend to an aging society and the need of doctors will grow.

    All in all you can say that Germany and for example Spain or Portugal could benefit a lot from each other.

  2. Compared to the situation with the youth unemployment in Spain, Germany scores well. In February 2012, there were only 300,000 young people without work, which corresponds to a ratio of 6.3%. Furthermore it is expected that the number could fall to below 5% in autumn this year. Some regions have problems in finding trainees. One reason for the good results are the external training programs, who are offered to the young people, who have neither qualifications nor good marks and therfore are not suitable for the German training and labour market. Measures that were successfully implemented in Germany. In my opinion, other countries could try to solve their problems with equal measures rather than loose their young people to other countries like Germany.

  3. The youth unemployment rate in Spain is alarming and the economic situation stagnates or even worsens. The getaway from their economic crisis into a country to find a better future seams for many Spanish as the better opportunity. The for-a-work seeking Spanish profit from the German labor market, but also Germany benefits: since the number of immigration is higher than the number of emigration. The drastic demographic change in the labor market is slightly reduced by incoming workers. The shrinking population in Germany will be still noticeable but might be slowed down due to the increasing number of immigrants from Southern Europe. Furthermore Spain has a well-educated youth generation. With the incoming workers from Spain, Germany can fill its gap of shortage of skilled professionals, too.
    Nevertheless, the main challenge for immigrants is still the language. The number of jobs in the engineering range is large and if immigrants bring not only the needed skills but also some basic language knowledge with them, the Spanish workers will profit from the German labor market in getting a job or maybe even an unlimited employment contract and the German labor market profits from the Spanish immigrants.


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