The employment structure is an important feature that allows communities to assess the level of socio-economic and demographic situation of the country.
The employment structure changes with economic development. In underdeveloped countries the majority of the population works in agriculture, forestry and fishing, which is in the I sector. The development of industry causes flow of population from agriculture to industry – to the sector II. As the ongoing development of the country mechanization and automation reduces employment in agriculture and industry and promotes the development of services that constitute the sector III. The development of III is associated with the growing demand of affluent societies, commercial services, medical, educational, tourism, banking and manufacturing related service companies. Employment growth in the developed societies III is also associated with increased complexity of their economies and low susceptibility to automate most of the services.
Currently, around the world we can see a very wide range of employment in particular sectors. And so in countries:
– Highly developed – employment in the sector amounts to 10% in the second – 20-30% at a constant decline in the number of employed, III and IV – more than 60%;
– An average of developed countries – in the sector employs 10-30%, in the second – 20-50% in III and IV – more than 30% of the population;
– Poorly developed – dominates employment in the sector
Here is the top ten countries with the big percentage of participation in a particular sector of employment (and also the average percentage of the world) :