The difference between foreign and domestic students on the Amsterdam labor market is the smallest since 2001. Of the Amsterdam non Western educated students between 25 and 35 years, 88% was working in 2009. Of highly educated foreign and domestic students together, 92% was working in 2009. Even nationally there is an increasing line of young non-Western educated people, between 2003 and 2009 the share of workers covered by them from 75% to 83%. It is doubtful whether they are equally as their native peers the employment status also can hold.
Young people from non-Western origin achieve increasingly higher levels of education. How do these young people from Amsterdam non-Western origin on the labor market compared to their native peers and compared to non-Western-educated youth in the Netherlands? And what about people who have no education?
In Amsterdam, highly educated young people (25-34 years) of non-Western origin (88%) work almost as often as their native and western foreign educated people (92%). In the Netherlands the net difference in participation between non-western States and other Western immigrants and natives is still present. In the Netherlands, as in Amsterdam, 92% of highly educated foreign and domestic educated people works. The net participation of non-western immigrants in the Netherlands is 83% lower.
The group of higher education grows, more young people are following higher education. More and more young people of non-Western origin flow through to higher education. In 2007 / 2008, one in five Turkish, Moroccan and Surinam adolescents (19-24 years) followed higher education. The number of Antillean young adults was higher (35%). Among domestic adolescents, the proportion is much higher: 63%. A large part of them is also special for study to Amsterdam. Compared with the average participation in higher education of 19-24 year olds in the Netherlands (32%) the difference is smaller.
The participation of young people between 25 and 35 years in Amsterdam is slightly lower than average in the Netherlands. There is no difference in participation by the natives. Even in non-Western immigrants in total there is no difference in participation. Split by level of education there is a difference: non-Western immigrants with mid or higher education participating more in Amsterdam then the average of the Netherlands and lower educated are participating less in Amsterdam then the average of the Netherlands.
The differences between non-western immigrants and natives for the secondary and higher education narrowed. The tight labor market increase the opportunities to participate. This is less applied for low educated people. For them there is no increase in participation seen in the period 2005-2009. The participation of low-skilled non-Western immigrants is even lower in 2009 than in 2001. The highly cyclical in Amsterdam has a beneficial effect on the participation of secondary and higher education for foreign and domestic people. It’s either doubtful whether they, as indigenous and the people with the same age, are able to hold the status of employment.