Youth employment

The world is facing a worsening youth employment crisis: young people are three times more likely to be unemployed than adults and over 75 million youth worldwide are looking for work. The ILO has warned of a “scarred” generation of young workers facing a dangerous mix of high unemployment, increased inactivity and precarious work in developed countries, as well as persistently high working poverty in the developing world.

The ILO’s programme on youth employment operates through a global network of technical teams at its headquarters in Geneva and in more than 60 offices around the world. It provides assistance to countries in developing coherent and coordinated interventions on youth employment. This integrated approach combines macro-economic policies and targeted measures which address labour demand and supply, as well as the quantity and quality of employment.

Young people are twice or three times as probable to be unemployed as adults, because they are not preferred by employers and are the first victims of business cycles.

The world faces a “huge challenge” to bring the offer from universities, from colleges, in line with the needs of the private sectors in business. Young people “are in a kind of Catch-22 situation, they don’t have work experience therefore employers don’t use them, don’t prefer them. They are kind of in a vicious circle.” Another trap is the business cycle, they are the first ones to be fired and last ones to be hired.

A mismatch between skills and the needs of companies in terms of workforce is one of the main reasons for the disparity.



10 thoughts on “Youth employment

  1. There are more than 1 billion young people between the ages of 15 and 24, and 85 per cent of them live in developing countries. Many of these young people are in the process of making, or have already made, the transition from school to work. This are the two extremes at our world. In many european countries it´s nearly impossible as a young person to get a job. This is so frustrating if you imagine for example a student who has done his studdy very well and there is no work on the labour market. Very often this frustration changes to aggression against everybody and everything. No having work as a young person is a real vicious circle.

  2. I see this situation as a huge problem especially if we think about it, what would be the effects for future. My opinion is that we have to improve the cooperation between employers and universities and this way get more work experience for young people and this way it is easyer for them to get later right job for them which be equivalent for them education. Many young have a problems to find a job or they dont know how to find job. There is also young people who simply dont know what they should do in that situation when they have graduate and then they easily fall into wrong way and off labour market.

  3. ı think we will have a bıg problem after years about unemploment young people because all young generation want to perfect job also so ımportant for them find a easy job they want to time for them special life so we have shortage for difficult job for this reason people want to live relax now….

  4. We can hear from each side that borders are open you can work all over the work. If you are excelent student and you have courage you can work almost everywhere and stuff like this. But if you imagen that you would find a job in some smaller town for example in spain. So then local people will look at you with anger and I bet you will not feel comfortable if all the time around you will be strikes and protests.

  5. I think that the high rate of youth unemployment in the country most affected the labour market. Unemployment among young people makes the emigration risk even more acute, as young people are typically more mobile. For instance, in Latvia in beginning of 2012 was registered 15 791 young unemployed or 11.8% of the total number of unemployed in Latvia, which is one of the highest among European countries.
    In Latvia the major problem for youth unemployment I think is the low level of education. Statistics show that 71% of unemployed young people have low levels of education, 21% have a vocational education, 7% – the highest. For this reason The Ministry of Welfare has established a new plan to reduce youth unemployment – for young people who don’t have profession government will provide vouchers for skills acquisition. Of course, this will not reduce unemployment, but it will reduce the number of unskilled job seekers.

  6. I think youth unemployment is a big issue.
    In the Netherlands it is very good to have job experience on your resumé. The problem is that in order to get that experience, a company has to give you a change for that. If every company will just not hire you because you have no experience, there is no place left to get experience.
    In some studies an internship is obligatory in the Netherlands. I think this is very good, because it gives you a change to get experience in the working field. It is not easy to find an internship, but usually schools try to convince companies to make place for an intern.
    There are also studies were no internship is obligatory. When you are finished with this studies you have no working experience at all. A lot of students then choose to incorporate an internship in their studies, which means that they will take longer over their studies.
    Nowadays students who take too long over their studies in the Netherlands has to pay € 3000,- above the normal college money of € 1750,- a year. This is a lot of money and definitely not everyone can pay this. Because of this students will think twice about putting in an internship in their studies.
    That means that they don’t have experience in the working field and less change to finding a job.

  7. In bad times the youth unemployment will increase fast for example in the Netherlands. The reason is that is very difficult to fire old expensiver people by cheaper youth. In crysis employers dismiss the first flexible staffing. And they will not assume new employees, that makes it hard for youth to find fast a job and they will not get any experience. And the government cuts money for college. The result will be that the youth is going faster to the labor market what gives more unemployed youth.

  8. Laura is right, and that’s why internships are so important! And for companies and students can this be a win-win situation. When a company hires trainees for an internship, they don’t need to pay a lot of money, but the students get work experience. If they do their best, they can be a ‘high potential’. Companies know how trainees do their internship and they can offer them a job.
    That’s why internships are so important. They can give you work experience and it’s easier to find a job if you are graduated.

  9. I agree that nowadays, when unemployment affects a large part of society, young people have a little chance to find a satisfying job. The unemployment rate among young people for years stay at the high level. Because of it, many of them want to go abroad. A young people after university- so usually without experience, has an extremely difficult situation.
    Nowadays, most of the people after high school, goes to university. Is that because there is a perception that we must have studies, that people uneducated will not find a good job, they will not exist. If so, then why young people with several diplomas and rich CV for a long time cannot find a job? Because of the crisis, inexperience or high requirements of the employers?
    To change this, I think that the government should introduce reforms to provide students the opportunity to start a career after graduation.


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