Never before are more people in employment in Germany. However, long-term unemployed continue to have problems finding a job. At the same time the economy is desperately on the empty swept labor market for skilled workers. Many companies have to search and advertise for months before they can fill a vacancy for an engineer.
Skilled workers and qualified craftsmen are rare. But these are only the forerunners of demographic change, the distortions in the labor market will soon have to follow throughout Germany. Germany is like no other country in Europe affected by demographic change. By 2050, Germany’s population will shrink by around seven million people to 75 million. Since the birth rate fell sharply in the mid-1970s, they moved permanently to values of 1.4 – far below the average level of 2.1. Due to the higher life expectancy of the population while declining birth rate, the proportion of older people is increasing compared to the proportion of younger people. More people go there to retire, as that new staff be succeeded. This gives the so-called loss of know-how potential, which can have serious consequences for a company. Since moving up less new professionals, qualified personnel is becoming increasingly scarce.
Then in several sections threaten staff shortages. Particularly serious problems are likely to be in the care sector. Because in an aging society, more and more elderly people need medical help while shrinking the number of active workers.
In the fight against shortage, policy therefore looks at three groups of people that need to be mobilized: the women, the elderly and immigrants. The reconciliation of work and family life and a longer working life are essential to maintain the balance between pensioners and contribution payers.
Maybe a family-friendly concept is the solution. Family-friendly workplaces wins in Germany but also from employers view important. So are now 84 percent of the top managers of the view that utilizes the economy, when companies are family-friendly. Three quarters of the companies appreciate the importance of family friendliness for the company as “very important” or “important”, they say. Specifically the question of “career or child”, which many women have to make, should be easier to answer by the family friendliness. With this concept, a child should not exclude the career and therefore the demographic changes should be captured.
written by Yvonne Kohaus, Carl-Frederic Korn and Hasan Can Acar