Nowdays one of the most important problem of Hungary is the braindrain of the graduated students. Almost every second student (18-29 ) is planning to work abroad for longer or shorter period or to settle down.In every year around 27-30 thousands of people are going to foreign countries to work but this is only an estimation because it is impossible to define the number.
Why do they want to leave?
The first reason is that in Hungary the average wages are very low and the unemployment rate is raising and the government hasn’t found the solution to this problem. Furthermore the really well paid jobs are often filled with the actual parties interests,and also there are restrictions,the taxes are increasing while the payments are decreasing. In addition Hungary has a very bad future view,and this is a reason too why the students want to emigrate and also they are afraid about their pension because Hungarian pension system is declining.
These were the internal reasons the external reason is the crisis,since 2008 approximately 200 thousands of jobs were eliminated furthermore who has already lost his/her job and can’t find a new one for a longer period the will also go abroad in hope of a better living.Nowdays an other problem hit up its head,the youth not only wants to work abroad also wants to study abroad.
The government reaction
The Hungarian government introduced new regulations for students.The aim of these are to force the students to learn and work in Hungary.The law which made the biggest prostest sais that whose study was financed by the state has to work in Hungary at least 3 years or the semesters which the state financed in the next 20 years.Although the government reduced radically the number of financed places in terciary education.
The students reaction
The students were protesting against the regulations,but the government introduced theme.Now a lot of students are planning to learn abroad,because they don’t want to work in Hungary or they don’t want to pay for the education and aks for a bank loan.
All in all the Hungarian labour force is changing.Who has an opportunity to work or study abroad leaves.This has a negative effect because a lot of talented people emigrates so the quality of labour market will decrease.Finally the governmet should support the education system because it is the base of a strong country.
Written by : Zsolt Farkas, Helena Wenzelová, Veronika Müllerová, Matej Vician,