While manufacturing and construction have driven the fall in employment, job creation in services, namely non-market services, mitigated these big drags on employment in a large number of countries. After two years of negative growth, job creation resumed in 2011 in industry and construction in most Member States.
Employment growth in different sectors: 2008-2011 (%)
Source: Commission services.
In some countries, the construction sector has also been a major drag on employment and in fact the sector that recorded the most dramatic consolidation. The number of employed in construction nearly halved in Ireland, Spain and the Baltic countries over the latest number of years, with construction alone amounting to around half of the total job losses in these Member States. Even in other Member States with much milder employment reductions, construction jobs have fallen by large margins. Only in a minority of countries, employment in the sector has actually risen and almost always by small margins.
Declining jobs in industry have contributed the most to rising unemployment. For the EU as whole, the sector accounted for slightly more than half of the net job destruction. In fact, jobs in industry have declined in every single Member State barring Luxembourg (where it has little weight on employment) since the beginning of the crisis; cumulated job falls close to or beyond the double digit mark were recorded in half of the Member States, most severely in Spain, Lithuania and Greece. However, in many industrialised countries employment in manufacturing has been declining since well before the 2008-2009 recession as a consequence of shifts of production toward developing countries.
Market services had a mixed employment performance, with around half of the Member States recording net employment growth (notably, Poland, Malta and Germany) and the other half net employment losses (e.g., Latvia, Ireland and Greece).
Non-market services, notably the public administration, was the only sector where net employment gains were recorded in most countries (major net losses only in Latvia and Bulgaria). Unlike other sectors, employment in non-market services lost momentum in 2011, reflecting public finances consolidation dynamics also over the government wage bill.
/By Andrea Blažević, Antea Božić, Kristina Piene and Agita Sarkane/
http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/european_economy/2012/pdf/ee-2012-5_en.pdf accessed on 28.04.2013