The most important challenges for the labour market in Poland

Since a few years there is a visible mismatch between what the employers expect from their future employees and what kind of expectation the employees can meet. Nearly ¾ of employers have now difficulties with finding candidates corresponding with their requirements.

As an attempt at changing this situation for the better there was a conference trying to find answer the most important questions.
The first identified problem is stagnation in spite of the steady growth of employees. According to the research, every year since 2010 about 17% of employers were looking for employees. However, combined with increasing uneployment polish labour market  still remains stagnant. Another factor of high unemployment is incompatibility. Job seekers often represent not adequate skills or professional competence (related to the specific job on a certain posts) and connected with self-organisation. The greatest shortage in labour market is seen in jobs related to construction and professionals in strict areas. On the other hand, professions in which there has been noted an excess are salesmen, office workers and labourers in areas such as industry, mining and transport.
Unfortunately, the economic growth is still not sufficient and there is still not enough new workplaces. Up to 90% of employers looking for new workforce intended to hire within the scope of rotation on already existing positions. Percentage of new created posts remains on a stable level in comparison to previous years (10% in 2010, 9% in 2009).

Another factor contributing to the current situation is a general European problem with the ageing society existing also in Poland. Indicators of employment for the older generation is one of the most unfavourable in the whole Europe. In 2011 according to the research of BKL, only 49% of men aged 50-64 were finding employment (average in the EU – 65%). In case of women the indicator is even worse – 48% (EU 63%). Fortunately, the situation is slowly changing, as in the 2012 the rates were 50% for men and 51% for women but still more time is necessary for more visible improvements.
Connected with ageing of the society is lack of motivation among people over 45 years old for further education and self-improvement. That creates another factor discouraging employers from hiring them instead of younger and better educated candidates.
However, the situation of graduates is not better. The unemployment rate among young people is growing and the average salaries also dropped slightly. These days, young people have to be very well oriented in the labour market situation and choose wisely their future studies or vocational school. Good choice may guarantee a good, well-paid job whereas thoughtless choice may lead to unemployment or low-paid job.



/By Emilia Janaszkiewicz, Alicja Łoś/

10 thoughts on “The most important challenges for the labour market in Poland

  1. I think that this problem is not only in Poland. For example, I am finishim my studies and I am looking for a job some time now. And situation is the same in Slovenia. Employers are asking too much from their future employes. They do not want to employ older person who has enaught seniority but also they will not employ a young person who has just graduated but does not have any seniority jet. And this is how we are turning in the circles. I think that universities should enable practice work in companies, where students would learn how to work in real enviroment, but it should be supervised somehow, because now companies are using practice workers only to do unimportant business for free and this is why young educated labor force doesn’t know how to work when they get employed. I think this is the way to fix this problem in the future.

  2. Considering that the enrollment rate at a higher level in Poland for several years has hovered around 50% the post describes the situation that should not happen. This amounts to the conclusion that the Polish students are poorly oriented, choosing courses of study for graduates whose nobody needs. For the situation has changed Polish government as a provider of funds for higher education should take measures to restrict the choice of courses which generate most of the unemployed graduates.

  3. The Polish labour market has been undergoing quite severe problems in recent years. The number of workplaces has been dropping for a few last years, which in view of the demographic growth of labour forces has increased growth of unemployment. Despite the fact that presently the number of the unemployed is slowly falling, the level and intensity of unemployment in Poland are very high. Actually, all most important characteristics of labour market negatively distinguish Poland among other EU countries with: low level of economic activity of the population, alarmingly low employment rate, very high unemployment level, relatively low occupational and spatial mobility of the population, narrow range of non-standard and flexible forms of employment (one of indicators of low flexibility of the labour market), low fluctuation of unemployment.

    – Kelly, Lauren, Rebecca

  4. It may not be so much about students choosing poorly, but about a rapidly increasing number of students who graduate from unknown private colleges with little-worth diplomas. There’s been a decline in the quality of higher education, mainly due to eradication of qualifying exams followed by a lower enrollment threshold and now we have plenty of bachelors and masters fighting over scarce posts, while skilled physical workers or craftsmen are impossible to find. I believe that the educational reform is one of the underlying causes of high youth unemployment in Poland.

  5. The situation on the Polish labor market is quite difficult. Employers have very high
    expectations and I think sometimes are absurd. They expect young people but with a lot of
    experience on the job. How person after graduation can possess them? However candidates with years of experience are too old. It seems to me that the problem can also be related with the education system in Poland. At university mostly students learn theory rather than practice which they be able to demonstrate it at work. Unfortunately, there are many fields that have a pretty name or are easy to graduate but then it is very hard to find any job.

  6. I agree with what my predecessors have posted above. The Polish market need changes. In my opinion, these changes should start with the education system. Studies do not prepare fully future employees to work. After many directions people are untrained and unprepared for the work that they perform while the employers expects of the them a perfect knowledge.

  7. The disbalance in views on employement by the employers’ and (future) employees is noticeable, and I think this is the case in more or less most parts of the world. In some parts the gap is, obviously, bigger than in others, as it is clearly the case with Poland. The biggest problem here is inertion and the lack of vision by the government. In my opinion, they could have made things so much easier for employers by encouraging young people to attend schools after which they would be experts in one specific field where there is an obvious scarcity present, through all sorts of incentives and so on. And another impportant thing is experience. Young educated people normally don’t have the much needed experience to start their careers and for this reason they are in great numbers unemployed after finishing schools and colleges. One possible solution for this specific problem could be going through short intensive internship programmes and I will try to follow this example as well after this erasmus experience.

  8. A difficult situation on the labor market is not only Poland’s problem but it is shared by many European Union member states, predominantly the countries of the euro zone.
    Since 2008 the youth employment situation has deteriorated considerably, even though Poland’s general economic indicators stood out positively in the EU.
    Entering the labour market directly after graduation is a serious challenge for young people, especially given that the general unemployment rate is rather high
    The Polish case demonstrates clearly that GDP growth does not have to translate into more jobs but rather, on the business side, more attention is paid to the flexibilisation of the labour market.
    Simple measures aimed at stimulating GDP growth may not translate into an increase in stable jobs. Moreover, the government should direct more resources into pro-employment investment

  9. I agree with previous comments that described problem occurs many EU countries. I think Employers expects a lot from employees. For example for young people with good education is very difficult to find well job, because they dont have any qualification or previous experience. But the big question is – How can well educated person earn a previous experience if no one of potential employers dont offer this kind of opportunity?!

  10. Due to this article i think they should change the Polish educational system. They should promote more those universities that offers specified fields of studies,and find teachers with huge knowledge.And they should also motivate the students for learning,by scolarships ,internships.And for the older generation too,they should try to motivate them.Maybe if they created trainings for the older aged people in an affordable price thy would attend and try to improve their knowledge.


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