80 percentof the entireworld’s wealthisheld byonlya quarter of theglobalpopulation, according to a study from the UNDP.Thus the gap between rich and poorisgrowing wider. The unequaldistribution ofincomeand wealthin developing countriesisthehigher than in developed countries, but as well in the rich industrializedcountries themiddle classis shrinking.The gapbetween richand poorin the developingcountries is directlyvisible. Theremanypeople live in absolutepoverty that is lessthan$ 1.25perday per person. It is about survival. In developedcountries thepovertyhasa different face, but most areas well affectedby this development.
In thepastdecade, the income gap isnotonly inveryunequalcountries such asIsrael orthe United Statescontinued to open, butas wellin countrieswith traditionallysmall differences. These include for exampleGermany, Denmark, SwedenandotherNordiccountries. The top tenthof the German population earnseight timesas much as thebottom.One reason for this is that the lower income in the last years just slightly increased. Many people in both poor and rich countries can´t live of their incomes. The cost of living continues to rise, while there is astagnation of wages and salaries. At the same time the social sector was seriously affected by the financial and economic crisis. In this sector many savings was made.
More money for education or sociallydisadvantaged could help to reduce the poverty. For example,the income gapis offsetby aprogressive incometax schedule.Who earns morewill paymoretaxes.There are already good concepts in a few countries like the “Bolsa Família” in Brasil, which helps direct disadvantaged people.
Such social programs are just exceptions. The best solution is education. Manychildren in developingcountriesneed to leave theprimary early, because they need to help the families in the agriculture. So there is just a little chance to go to a High school or even the University. Even in developed countries is the access to education often not fair. Children from the upper classes in Germany have a three times higher chance to goto High school (Gymnasium) than children from working class families or from families with a migration background. At German universities are only about six percent of students from a non-academic or socially disadvantaged home.
Just thebasic servicesand education can counteract the increasingincomeinequalityin the world.As long as thesharing ofhealth and educationsystemsisnotsimpleand fair, the gapbetweenrich and poorare increasing, warnstheOECD.