Youth on the move

The European commission has a goal to create more jobs by 2020. One of the main focuses is to create job possibilities and make it easier for youth to enter the labour market. There for the EU has created an initiative call “Youth on the move”. Youth unemployment is around 21% of the labour force, and to achieve the goal of 75% of employment between 20-64 years old something drastically needs to be done.

By 2020 the requirement of employees will increase in the next years, and in 2020 more than 35% of all jobs will require an high level education (today around 29%). However this is lower than countries like Japan (50%) and USA (40%). Today many young are leaving after the secondary school and they are more likely to end up as unemployed, inactive, or poor than people with an higher education. More than 14,4% of the population in the EU have less than upper school education and are not in further education or training. One of the aims of euro 2020 is to reduce this percentage to 10%..

To achieve these goals, youth on the move will focus on four main actions:

–          The learning process needs to be improved in all levels, and the youth on the move will encourage member states to improve their programs for informal and non-formal education. By attending seminars, courses and etc. You can still educate yourself through these when you are done with your education.

–          Get more young people in the higher system education to be competitive with the rest of the world is another main point for Youth on the move. The initiative will do higher education in Europe more attractive for European and for foreigner students from other part of the world.  By ensure high quality, modernization and new reforms Youth on the move hope to improve the higher education system.

–          Youth on the move will lay the foundation for that every young person has the possibility to study some parts of their higher education abroad. As a tool they have made a website informing the youth about their possibilities when it comes to study and working abroad.

–           Youth on the move has presented a framework to improve the situation both on a national and EU level. This is to make it easier the transaction from the schools and into working, by having a job placement, training programs and other follow up actions which may help the young people get access to labour market.  Youth on the move will encourage for a monitoring system for people who are unemployed, not working nor in the education system.

So what do you think about this imitative?

http://ec.europa.eu/youthonthemove/index_en.htm

http://ec.europa.eu/education/yom/com_en.pdf

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Reding stirs up the debate on women quota in Europe again

At the beginning of 2012 only 3.2% of executive positions in publicly listed companies in Europe were filled with women.  Last year EU Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding called for European’s largest companies to fill their executive boards with women. However, it didn’t generate the desired result. Far from it! Only 24 companies signed the “Women on the Board” pledge. This pledge aims to increase the number of women in executive positions up to 30% by 2012 and 40% by 2020. Not a single German company was among them. Now Reding wants to develop concrete proposals for a Europe-wide gender quota for large companies by summer 2012. Norway can be classified as a successful model in introducing a similar mandatory quota.

Source: http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,792470,00.html

But there is already notably resistance to a legally binding quota. The German Family Minister Kristina Schroeder refuses to be dictated with the terms of the European Union although German commentators agree that there is a lack in the gender equality in the professional world. However, they are at one with Schroeder because they believe that a quota is not the best solution.

On one hand there are many points to argue against a gender quota. If the companies agree to the pledge they have to employ many women within the next 3 years which leads to a preferential treatment.  Furthermore the nation has to create programs which offer women the opportunities to combine their professional life with family life. In most of the European countries these programs have not been discussed. On the other hand, companies resist on finding a fair solution to dress the balance between executive men and women. The Norwegian example shows that the balance between men and women in companies leads to an increase in transparency and a professionalization of decision-making which in turn is a gain for the companies. This process however may take a long time for companies and it is unclear if they can meet the requirements in such few years.

In conclusion, we can say that most aren’t thrilled about an implementation of quotas, but that they achieve at least the desired results.  Otherwise we have to ask ourselves if it is necessary to achieve the results within such a short period time and if there are as many women who want the same kind of careers as men. The real question is, if Norway can accomplish equality within the workplace why hasn’t the rest of Europe followed?

 

Sources:

http://www.forbes.com/sites/meghancasserly/2012/03/05/viviane-reding-lord-davies-gender-quotas-in-european-union/

Immigrants in EU members send 19 billions Euros to third countries

In year 2006 immigrant in EU members sent into their former country 26 billions €. Mass of money (19.2 billions) was sent out of EU members, 6.8 billions € was sent into other EU member country. In 2005 workers sent 23 billions out of EU, and into other EU member country 6,1 billion EU.

Immigrants usually send money on next relations (data for year 2004) Germany-Turkey, France-Morocco, France-Portugal, Spain-Morocco, Spain-Columbia, Germany-Poland, Spain-Ecuador, France-Algeria, Italy-Albania in Germany-Serbia.

More and more nurses leaving Slovenia

More and more Slovenian nurses are going in foreign countries because they can earn there for over thousand EUR more. Data reveals that every week competent chamber grants at least four licenses for those nurses who want to work in foreign countries.

Majority goes to Italy and Germany, attractive destinations are also Great Britain and Australia. In Slovenia is expected that there will be a greater drain of nurses due to bad working conditions and bad payment, and also attractive job offers in foreign countries. Some years ago flow of nurses from poorer EU members was expected, but it looks like that Slovenia is not an attractive option for them.

Again Slovenia is not only country in this situation. According to writing of European newspapers, this problems arise also in other EU countries, like United Kingdom for instance.