In the Project Learning for Young Adults (PLYA) programme, participants are young adults who failed to complete their education. They possess a mass of knowledge they have obtained in various ways and also through their participation at PLYA programme. Unfortunately, this knowledge is not registered and therefore not acknowledged. A significant part of drop-outs occur due to the fact that the youth do not have the possibility to enrol in programmes that would enable them to acquire relevant knowledge, necessary to compete in the labour market. They wonder about the significance of participating in an education programme, if the acquired education does not offer them much prospects of employment.
In PLYA programme young people participate, who failed to complete vocational or secondary education, and although they wish to test their competences in the labour market, they cannot get the chance due to a low response of employers. Recognition of informally acquired knowledge is rare, although nonformal knowledge represents a significant part of all acquired knowledge and experience.
As said, the causes of such situation are:
* Teaching in educational programme is creating factual knowledge;
* Bureaucracy is too slow;
* Inflexible school system and lack of connections between educational institutions and economy
* Unemployment – without education, it is hard to find a job, except for low-paid jobs that do not demand education, but they are getting very rare;
* Disadvantaged social situation;
* Highly educated workers are unemployed;
* Lack of experts in the field on natural sciences.
* Enable the young to acquire knowledge and skills, applicable to real-life situations.
* Better cooperation between education and economy;
* The state should help employers with tax deductions, so they would enable the youth to get work experience.