Global employment trends for youth

Due to the financial crisis in 2008 many became unemployed. Among the group who where affected the most was the youth. The economic crisis did not helped young people to find a job, and the fragility for the one who had a job before the crisis were only confirmed. The youth are “first” out and “last” ones in the labour market when facing economic crisis.

Before the crisis in 2007 more than 70,5 millions were unemployed. The statistic shows that from 2002 until 2007 the unemployment rate among youths degreased (from 77 million unemployed in 2002 until 70,5 in 2007). Already in 2008 the number of unemployed began to rise, and by 2009 the number of unemployed had increased to 75,8 (more than 4,8 millions since 2008). However the unemployment rate among youth has not changed drastically since 2009, and remains high. Today more than 74,6 millions are without work.  The unemployment rate is drastically higher than the unemployment rate among adults, which understates the theory that the young are the first to get laid off, and the last to get hired again.

Some trends for youths in the labour market after the crisis are: more likely to become unemployed of a long period of time. For instance in Italy a young person is three times more likely to be unemployed for more than a year, than an adult. There has been an increase in inacticvity among young people. Another mayor point is the increase in part time employment. This may be caused by young people wanting to study and prioritizing their education while working part-time to gain the experiences. The downside is that many youth are only working part time jobs because there are no possibilities to find a fulltime job. In countries like Norway, the Netherlands, Canada and Denmark more than half of the youths are working on a part time basis.

There are mayor differences between the different regions. The youths in the developed countries have been affected the most by the unemployment. In some countries like Spain the youth unemployment is almost 50%. Often there is a lower unemployment rate among youths in less developed countries than in high developed countries. Often the young have to work to survive. This does not, however, means that the jobs are better. Usually they work more, under worse conditions and for a lower salary. There is many more working in these conditions than trying to find a job.

One of my suggestions it that the governments have to create a guidance services or a framework which could make the process from school till working go more smoothly. By offering job placement, recruiting, training programs and other following up actions can make it easier to enter the labour market.

 

http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—ed_emp/—emp_elm/—trends/documents/publication/wcms_165455.pdf

Youth on the move

The European commission has a goal to create more jobs by 2020. One of the main focuses is to create job possibilities and make it easier for youth to enter the labour market. There for the EU has created an initiative call “Youth on the move”. Youth unemployment is around 21% of the labour force, and to achieve the goal of 75% of employment between 20-64 years old something drastically needs to be done.

By 2020 the requirement of employees will increase in the next years, and in 2020 more than 35% of all jobs will require an high level education (today around 29%). However this is lower than countries like Japan (50%) and USA (40%). Today many young are leaving after the secondary school and they are more likely to end up as unemployed, inactive, or poor than people with an higher education. More than 14,4% of the population in the EU have less than upper school education and are not in further education or training. One of the aims of euro 2020 is to reduce this percentage to 10%..

To achieve these goals, youth on the move will focus on four main actions:

–          The learning process needs to be improved in all levels, and the youth on the move will encourage member states to improve their programs for informal and non-formal education. By attending seminars, courses and etc. You can still educate yourself through these when you are done with your education.

–          Get more young people in the higher system education to be competitive with the rest of the world is another main point for Youth on the move. The initiative will do higher education in Europe more attractive for European and for foreigner students from other part of the world.  By ensure high quality, modernization and new reforms Youth on the move hope to improve the higher education system.

–          Youth on the move will lay the foundation for that every young person has the possibility to study some parts of their higher education abroad. As a tool they have made a website informing the youth about their possibilities when it comes to study and working abroad.

–           Youth on the move has presented a framework to improve the situation both on a national and EU level. This is to make it easier the transaction from the schools and into working, by having a job placement, training programs and other follow up actions which may help the young people get access to labour market.  Youth on the move will encourage for a monitoring system for people who are unemployed, not working nor in the education system.

So what do you think about this imitative?

http://ec.europa.eu/youthonthemove/index_en.htm

http://ec.europa.eu/education/yom/com_en.pdf