Third Country migrants in Europe
In the EU more than two-thirds of all non-EU-born working age third country migrants originate from just four main source regions: Central and South America (20 %), North Africa (19 %), Sub-Sahara Africa (15 %) and South and South East Asia (14 %). Other sizeable shares of third country migrants originate from Balkan non-Member States, Eastern Europe, the Near and Middle East and Turkey.
In Latvia 17,4 % of the whole population are Immigrants. In Estonia 14,4 % come from third world countries. The lowest number of immigrants has Slovakia with 0,3 %.
As you can see in the picture above, most of the Migrants move to Europe when they are between 25 and 39 years old. Through this fact it gets clear that a lot of Employments are necessary because those years are the working years. With this a crucial problem comes up. Normally in the age of 25 people finished their studies or other educations, but if in the sector they are able to work no demand exists, it is hard to find a job. Another fact is that many people who are in the thirties and do not have any education are even harder to reintegrate into job life.
Barriers of labour market integration
There is a huge number of barriers coming up with Migration and the integration into job life. Migrant and employees have to deal with several problems depending on each country like: lack of language skills which actually is an important aspect for a successful integration, lack of professional and educational skills, recognition of qualification and diplomas, limited of knowledge of the labour market, limited social and professional network, discrimination of the origin people, working conditions, policy and other contextual barriers, the labour market situation and the State of flexicurity.
One possible solution is educations and training of several skills such as languages, intercultural skills and knowledge about the labour market. Additionally Internships and networking are two important things for Migrants to get to know the labour market and its possibilities. Through this Migrants get motivated to work but there should be a real opportunity to be hired afterwards. Additionally, networking helps to find an employment because of informal recruitment processes.
All in all there are several things that both sides, as well the Migrants as the Employees should bring with. It is important to be open-minded and to except the cultural differences.